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Using 18F-FDG PET/CT to rule out Richter transformation as cause of deterioration in a patient with chronic lymphatic leukemia and severe COVID-19: A case report

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RATIONALE: This case report demonstrates the use of flourine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) to rule out Richter transformation (RT) as the cause of clinical deterioration in a patient with chronic lymphatic leukemia (CLL) and severe COVID-19. 18F-FDG PET/CT can be used to establish the diagnosis of RT in patients with CLL, but the use of 18F-FDG PET/CT to exclude RT as the cause of clinical deterioration in patients with CLL and severe COVID-19 has not previously been described.

PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old male with CLL and COVID-19 developed increased dyspnea, malaise and fever during hospitalization for treatment of severe and prolonged COVID-19.

DIAGNOSES: 18F-FDG PET/CT ruled out RT and revealed progression of opacities in both lungs consistent with exacerbation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pneumonia.

INTERVENTIONS: 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging.

OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged at day 52 without the need of supplemental oxygen, with normalized infection marks and continued care for CLL with venetoclax.

LESSONS: 18F-FDG PET/CT ruled out RT as the cause of deteriorations in a patient with CLL and severe COVID-19, enabling directed care of exacerbation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 pneumonia.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer27545
TidsskriftMedicine (United States)
Vol/bind100
Udgave nummer44
Sider (fra-til)e27545
ISSN0025-7974
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 5 nov. 2021

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2021 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

ID: 73459724