Umbilical Hernia Repair in Patients with Cirrhosis and in Patients with Severe Comorbidities—A Nationwide Cohort Study

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Umbilical hernia is a frequent condition in patients with cirrhosis. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risks associated with umbilical hernia repair in patients with cirrhosis in the elective and emergency setting. Secondly, to compare patients with cirrhosis with a population of patients with equally severe comorbidities but without cirrhosis.

METHODS: Patients with cirrhosis who underwent umbilical hernia repair from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2018, were included from the Danish Hernia Database. A control group of patients with a similar Charlson score (≥ 3) without cirrhosis was generated using propensity score matching. The primary outcome was postoperative re-intervention within 30 days following hernia repair. Secondary outcomes were mortality within 90 days and readmission within 30 days following hernia repair.

RESULTS: A total of 252 patients with cirrhosis and 504 controls were included. Emergency repair in patients with cirrhosis was associated with a significantly increased rate of re-intervention (54/108 (50%) vs. 24/144 (16.7%), P < 0.001), 30-day readmission rate (50/108 (46.3%) compared with elective repair vs. 36/144 (25%) (P < 0.0001)), and 90-day mortality (18/108 (16.7%) vs. 5/144 (3.5%), P < 0.001). Patients with cirrhosis were more likely to undergo a postoperative re-intervention compared with comorbid patients without cirrhosis (OR = 2.10; 95% CI [1.45-3.03]).

CONCLUSION: Patients with cirrhosis and other severe comorbidity undergo emergency umbilical hernia repair frequently. Emergency repair is associated with increased risk of poor outcome. Patients with cirrhosis undergo a postoperative reintervention more frequently than patients with other severe comorbidity undergoing umbilical hernia repair.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftWorld Journal of Surgery
Vol/bind47
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)2733-2740
Antal sider8
ISSN0364-2313
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2023

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