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Two-year clinical outcomes after successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation with balloon-expandable versus self-expanding valves: A subanalysis of the GALILEO trial

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

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  • Taishi Okuno
  • George D Dangas
  • Christian Hengstenberg
  • Samantha Sartori
  • Howard C Herrmann
  • Robert de Winter
  • Martine Gilard
  • Didier Tchétché
  • Helge Möllmann
  • Raj R Makkar
  • Stephan Baldus
  • Ole De Backer
  • Bjørn Bendz
  • Annapoorna Kini
  • Dirk von Lewinski
  • Michael Mack
  • Raúl Moreno
  • Ulrich Schäfer
  • Jochen Wöhrle
  • Julia Seeger
  • Clayton Snyder
  • Johny Nicolas
  • Jan G P Tijssen
  • Robert C Welsh
  • Pascal Vranckx
  • Marco Valgimigli
  • Roxana Mehran
  • Samir Kapadia
  • Lars Sondergaard
  • Stephan Windecker
Vis graf over relationer

BACKGROUND: Midterm data comparing clinical outcomes after successful implantation of self-expanding and balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valves (THV) are limited. We aimed to compare 2-year outcomes after successful transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the Edwards balloon-expandable or the Medtronic self-expanding THV.

METHODS: Two-year outcomes were analyzed according to the implanted THV in the GALILEO trial. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) was a composite of all-cause death or thromboembolic events including stroke, myocardial infarction, symptomatic valve thrombosis, systemic embolism, deep-vein thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism.

RESULTS: Among 1644 patients recruited in 136 centers across 16 countries between 2015 and 2018, 499 received a self-expanding and 757 patients received a balloon-expandable THV. Patients treated with a self-expanding THV were more likely to be female, and had higher surgical risk, lower hemoglobin levels, and more frequent valve-in-valve procedures than those with a balloon-expandable THV. After multivariable adjustment, there were no significant differences in major clinical outcomes between self-expanding versus balloon-expandable THV: MACCE (17.0% vs. 13.4%, adjusted-hazard ratios [HR] 1.18, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.82-1.69); all-cause death (11.4% vs. 9.3%, adjusted-HR 1.26; 95% CI: 0.78-2.05); cardiovascular death (8.5% vs. 4.0%, adjusted-HR 1.53; 95% CI: 0.82-2.86), any stroke (5.1% vs. 3.7%, adjusted-HR 0.86; 95% CI: 0.43-1.73); major or life-threatening bleeding (5.9% vs. 6.8%, adjusted-HR 0.93; 95% CI: 0.53-1.63).

CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: https://www.

CLINICALTRIALS: gov. NCT02556203.

CONCLUSIONS: Two-year follow-up data from the GALILEO trial indicate that successful TAVI either with self-expanding or balloon-expandable THVs according to physician discretion did not show difference in rates of MACCE.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftCatheterization and cardiovascular interventions : official journal of the Society for Cardiac Angiography & Interventions
Vol/bind100
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)636-645
Antal sider10
ISSN1522-1946
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2022

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