Two-component vaccine consisting of virus-like particles displaying hepatitis C virus envelope protein 2 oligomers

Jannick Prentoe*, Christoph M Janitzek, Rodrigo Velázquez-Moctezuma, Andreas Soerensen, Thomas Jørgensen, Stine Clemmensen, Vladislav Soroka, Susan Thrane, Thor Theander, Morten A Nielsen, Ali Salanti, Jens Bukh, Adam F Sander

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
3 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of B-cell-based hepatitis C virus (HCV) vaccines that induce broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) is hindered by extensive sequence diversity and low immunogenicity of envelope glycoprotein vaccine candidates, most notably soluble E2 (sE2). To overcome this, we employed two-component approaches using self-assembling virus-like particles (cVLPs; component 1), displaying monomeric or oligomeric forms of HCV sE2 (sE2mono or sE2oligo; component 2). Immunization studies were performed in BALB/c mice and the neutralizing capacity of vaccine-induced antibodies was tested in cultured-virus-neutralizations, using HCV of genotypes 1-6. sE2-cVLP vaccines induced significantly higher levels of NAbs (p = 0.0065) compared to corresponding sE2 vaccines. Additionally, sE2oligo-cVLP was superior to sE2mono-cVLP in inducing bNAbs. Interestingly, human monoclonal antibody AR2A had reduced binding in ELISA to sE2oligo-cVLP compared with sE2mono-cVLP and competition ELISA using mouse sera from vaccinated animals indicated that sE2oligo-cVLP induced significantly less non-bNAbs AR2A (p = 0.0043) and AR1B (p = 0.017). Thus, cVLP-displayed oligomeric sE2 shows promise as an HCV vaccine candidate.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer148
Tidsskriftnpj Vaccines
Vol/bind7
Udgave nummer1
ISSN2059-0105
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 nov. 2022

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