Transplantation of initially rejected donor lungs using ex vivo lung perfusion: A 5-year experience

Karin Graeser*, Paul F Blanche, Mikhail Zemtsovski

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is a method for the evaluation and reconditioning of high-risk donor lungs to increase the pool of potential donor lungs.

METHODS: We reviewed all consecutive patients who received lung transplants from May 2012 to May 2017 with follow-up until July 2021. EVLP was used in lungs initially rejected due to inadequate oxygenation but without other contraindications. Lungs with improved oxygenation levels above the threshold were transplanted. The primary endpoint was the time to graft failure, which was defined as the time from surgery to death or re-transplantation, whichever occurred first. The secondary outcome was freedom from chronic lung allograft dysfunction.

RESULTS: A total of 157 patients underwent transplantation during the study period. Thirty-nine patients received EVLP-treated donor lungs. Restricted mean graft survival time up to 7 years is 5.14 years for non-EVLP and 4.19 for EVLP, the difference being -0.95 (confidence interval [CI]-1.93 to 0.04, p = .059). The hazard ratio is 1.66 (CI 1.00-2.75, p = .046). Chronic lung allograft dysfunction was the highest contributor to mortality in both groups. There were significant differences in freedom from chronic lung allograft dysfunction at 12 and 24 months of follow-up (p = .005 and p = .030, respectively). Subgroup analyses revealed that the first patients who received EVLP in 2012-2013 had a substantially worse 5-year graft survival than those who received EVLP more recently in 2016-2017 (14.3% vs. 60.0%). For the latter, the 5-year graft survival was observed to be remarkably close to the non-EVLP group (60.8%).

CONCLUSION: Long-term survival was significantly lower, and lung function was poorer among recipients in the EVLP group than in the non-EVLP group. However, the outcome of patients who received EVLP-treated lungs was observed to improve steadily after the first 2 years after EVLP was introduced in Denmark.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Vol/bind67
Udgave nummer9
Sider (fra-til)1210-1218
Antal sider9
ISSN0001-5172
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2023

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