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Transcutaneous oxygen tension in imminent foot gangrene

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  1. Cerebral circulation and anaesthesia

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  2. Regulation of cerebral circulation

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  3. Regional circulation in the lung estimated by 133-xenon injected intravenously

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Transcutaneous oxygen tension at 44 degree C and maximal isotope clearance (90m Tc-pretechnetate + histramine) just proximal to the 1st toe and systolic toe blood pressure (strain gauge) were studied on a tilt table in patients with various degrees of obstructive arteriosclerotic disease. In legs with moderate obstruction, the oxygen tension reached zero at a toe systolic blood pressure of 5--10 mmHg (tilt toe up) and reached arterial oxygen tension at about 50 to 70 mmHg (tilt toe down). In legs withsevere arterial obstruction and ischaemic rest pain, oxygen tension rose from zero not before systolic toe blood pressure reached 20--50 mmHg. Significant isotope clearance was seen at pressures below the limits just mentioned for both types of patients. This phenomenon here seen of a perfusion without oxygen supply is explained by a gas leak (rendered significant because of the slow flow rate) from the arterioles into the tissue sink and counter current gas shunting. The hypoxia in spite of a positive perfusion pressure up to 50 mmHg explains our experience that ischemic ulcers in feet such low pressures never heal.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa anaesthesiologica Scandinavica. Supplementum
Vol/bind68
Sider (fra-til)107-10
Antal sider4
ISSN0515-2720
StatusUdgivet - 1978

ID: 39050694