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Transcerebral exchange kinetics of large neutral amino acids during acute inspiratory hypoxia in humans

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@article{b782257e5d914b22a0fb58d48f1cc520,
title = "Transcerebral exchange kinetics of large neutral amino acids during acute inspiratory hypoxia in humans",
abstract = "Hypoxaemia is present in many critically ill patients, and may contribute to encephalopathy. Changes in the passage of large neutral amino acids (LNAAs) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) with an increased cerebral influx of aromatic amino acids into the brain may concurrently be present and also contribute to encephalopathy, but it has not been established whether hypoxaemia per se may trigger such changes. We measured cerebral blood flow (CBF) in 11 healthy men using the Kety-Schmidt technique and obtained paired arterial and jugular-venous blood samples for the determination of LNAAs by high performance liquid chromatography at baseline and after 9 hours of poikilocapnic normobaric hypoxia (12{\%} O2). Transcerebral net exchange was determined by the Fick principle, and transport of LNAAs across the BBB was determined mathematically. Hypoxia increased both the systemic and corresponding cerebral delivery of the aromatic amino acid phenylalanine, and the branched-chain amino acids leucine and isoleucine. Despite this, the transcerebral net exchange values and mathematically derived brain extracellular concentrations for all LNAAs were unaffected. In conclusion, the observed changes in circulating LNAAs triggered by hypoxaemia do not affect the transcerebral exchange kinetics of LNAAs to such an extent that their brain extracellular concentrations are affected.",
keywords = "(MeSH ID): Aromatic amino acids (D024322), blood-brain barrier (D001812), branched-chain amino acids (D000597), hypoxia (D000860), metabolism (D008660)",
author = "Dahl, {Rasmus H} and Berg, {Ronan M G} and Sarah Taudorf and Bailey, {Damian M} and Carsten Lundby and Mette Christensen and Larsen, {Fin S} and Kirsten M{\o}ller",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "17",
doi = "10.1080/00365513.2019.1683762",
language = "English",
volume = "79",
pages = "595--600",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation",
issn = "0036-5513",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Transcerebral exchange kinetics of large neutral amino acids during acute inspiratory hypoxia in humans

AU - Dahl, Rasmus H

AU - Berg, Ronan M G

AU - Taudorf, Sarah

AU - Bailey, Damian M

AU - Lundby, Carsten

AU - Christensen, Mette

AU - Larsen, Fin S

AU - Møller, Kirsten

PY - 2019/11/17

Y1 - 2019/11/17

N2 - Hypoxaemia is present in many critically ill patients, and may contribute to encephalopathy. Changes in the passage of large neutral amino acids (LNAAs) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) with an increased cerebral influx of aromatic amino acids into the brain may concurrently be present and also contribute to encephalopathy, but it has not been established whether hypoxaemia per se may trigger such changes. We measured cerebral blood flow (CBF) in 11 healthy men using the Kety-Schmidt technique and obtained paired arterial and jugular-venous blood samples for the determination of LNAAs by high performance liquid chromatography at baseline and after 9 hours of poikilocapnic normobaric hypoxia (12% O2). Transcerebral net exchange was determined by the Fick principle, and transport of LNAAs across the BBB was determined mathematically. Hypoxia increased both the systemic and corresponding cerebral delivery of the aromatic amino acid phenylalanine, and the branched-chain amino acids leucine and isoleucine. Despite this, the transcerebral net exchange values and mathematically derived brain extracellular concentrations for all LNAAs were unaffected. In conclusion, the observed changes in circulating LNAAs triggered by hypoxaemia do not affect the transcerebral exchange kinetics of LNAAs to such an extent that their brain extracellular concentrations are affected.

AB - Hypoxaemia is present in many critically ill patients, and may contribute to encephalopathy. Changes in the passage of large neutral amino acids (LNAAs) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) with an increased cerebral influx of aromatic amino acids into the brain may concurrently be present and also contribute to encephalopathy, but it has not been established whether hypoxaemia per se may trigger such changes. We measured cerebral blood flow (CBF) in 11 healthy men using the Kety-Schmidt technique and obtained paired arterial and jugular-venous blood samples for the determination of LNAAs by high performance liquid chromatography at baseline and after 9 hours of poikilocapnic normobaric hypoxia (12% O2). Transcerebral net exchange was determined by the Fick principle, and transport of LNAAs across the BBB was determined mathematically. Hypoxia increased both the systemic and corresponding cerebral delivery of the aromatic amino acid phenylalanine, and the branched-chain amino acids leucine and isoleucine. Despite this, the transcerebral net exchange values and mathematically derived brain extracellular concentrations for all LNAAs were unaffected. In conclusion, the observed changes in circulating LNAAs triggered by hypoxaemia do not affect the transcerebral exchange kinetics of LNAAs to such an extent that their brain extracellular concentrations are affected.

KW - (MeSH ID): Aromatic amino acids (D024322)

KW - blood-brain barrier (D001812)

KW - branched-chain amino acids (D000597)

KW - hypoxia (D000860)

KW - metabolism (D008660)

U2 - 10.1080/00365513.2019.1683762

DO - 10.1080/00365513.2019.1683762

M3 - Journal article

VL - 79

SP - 595

EP - 600

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation

SN - 0036-5513

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 58652641