Tracking of rigid head motion during MRI using an EEG system

Malte Laustsen, Mads Andersen, Rong Xue, Kristoffer H Madsen, Lars G Hanson

8 Citationer (Scopus)


PURPOSE: To demonstrate a novel method for tracking of head movements during MRI using electroencephalography (EEG) hardware for recording signals induced by native imaging gradients.

THEORY AND METHODS: Gradient switching during simultaneous EEG-fMRI induces distortions in EEG signals, which depend on subject head position and orientation. When EEG electrodes are interconnected with high-impedance carbon wire loops, the induced voltages are linear combinations of the temporal gradient waveform derivatives. We introduce head tracking based on these signals (CapTrack) involving 3 steps: (1) phantom scanning is used to characterize the target sequence and a fast calibration sequence; (2) a linear relation between changes of induced signals and head pose is established using the calibration sequence; and (3) induced signals recorded during target sequence scanning are used for tracking and retrospective correction of head movement without prolonging the scan time of the target sequence. Performance of CapTrack is compared directly to interleaved navigators.

RESULTS: Head-pose tracking at 27.5 Hz during echo planar imaging (EPI) was demonstrated with close resemblance to rigid body alignment (mean absolute difference: [0.14 0.38 0.15]-mm translation, [0.30 0.27 0.22]-degree rotation). Retrospective correction of 3D gradient-echo imaging shows an increase of average edge strength of 12%/-0.39% for instructed/uninstructed motion with CapTrack pose estimates, with a tracking interval of 1561 ms and high similarity to interleaved navigator estimates (mean absolute difference: [0.13 0.33 0.12] mm, [0.28 0.15 0.22] degrees).

CONCLUSION: Motion can be estimated from recordings of gradient switching with little or no sequence modification, optionally in real time at low computational burden and synchronized to image acquisition, using EEG equipment already found at many research institutions.

TidsskriftMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)986-1001
Antal sider16
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2022


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