TP53 mutations identify younger mantle cell lymphoma patients who do not benefit from intensive chemoimmunotherapy

Christian W Eskelund, Christina Dahl, Jakob W Hansen, Maj Westman, Arne Kolstad, Lone B Pedersen, Carmen P Montano-Almendras, Simon Husby, Catja Freiburghaus, Sara Ek, Anja Pedersen, Carsten Niemann, Riikka Räty, Peter Brown, Christian H Geisler, Mette K Andersen, Per Guldberg, Mats Jerkeman, Kirsten Grønbæk

255 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite recent advances in lymphoma treatment, mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) remains incurable and we are still unable to identify patients who will not benefit from the current standard-of-care. Here, we explore the prognostic value of recurrent genetic aberrations in diagnostic bone marrow (BM) specimens from 183 younger MCL patients from the Nordic MCL2 and MCL3 trials, which represent current standard-of-care regimens. In the univariate model, mutations of TP53 (11%) and NOTCH1 (4%), and deletions of TP53 (16%) and CDKN2A (20%) were significantly associated with inferior outcomes (together with MIPI, MIPI-c, Blastoid morphology and Ki67>30%); however, in multivariate analyses only TP53 mutations (HR=6.2, p<0.0001) retained prognostic impact for overall survival (OS), while TP53 mutations (HR=6.9, p<0.0001) and MIPI-c high-risk (HR=2.6, p=0.003) had independent prognostic impact on time to relapse. TP53-mutated cases had a dismal outcome with a median OS of 1.8 years and 50% relapsed at 1.0 years (compared to not reached (NR) and 12.7 years, respectively, for TP53-unmutated cases, p<0.0001). TP53 mutations were significantly associated with Ki67>30%, blastoid morphology, MIPI high-risk and inferior responses to both induction- and high-dose chemotherapy. In conclusion, we show that TP53 mutations identify a phenotypically distinct and highly aggressive form of MCL with poor or no response to regimens including cytarabine, rituximab and autologous stem-cell transplant (ASCT). We suggest that MCL patients should be stratified according to TP53 status, and that patients with TP53 mutations should be considered for experimental frontline trials exploring novel agents.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftBlood
Vol/bind130
Udgave nummer17
Sider (fra-til)1903-1910
ISSN0006-4971
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

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