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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital

Toxicity and efficacy of re-irradiation of high-grade glioma in a phase I dose- and volume escalation trial

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PET and MRI guided re-irradiation of recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG) and to assess the impact of radiotherapy dose, fractionation and irradiated volume.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with localized, recurrent HGG (grades III-IV) and no other treatment options were eligible for a prospective phase I trial. Gross tumor volumes for radiotherapy were defined using T1-contrast enhanced MRI and (18)F-fluoro-ethyl tyrosine PET. Radiotherapy was delivered using volumetric modulated arc therapy with a 2-mm margin. The dose prescription of four consecutive groups was (1) 35 Gy/10fr., (2) 42 Gy/10fr., (3) 29.5 Gy/5fr. and (4) 35 Gy/10fr. to larger tumor volumes (100-300 cm(3)), respectively.

RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were treated of which 81% had glioblastoma. The median progression-free survival was 2.8 months (95%CI: 2.1-3.5) and the median overall survival was 7.0 months (95%CI: 3.5-10.5). Early side effects were mild and included headache and fatigue. Seven patients were progression-free beyond 10 weeks and were evaluable for late toxicity. Among these patients, three (43%) suffered late adverse events which included radionecrosis and irreversible white matter changes.

CONCLUSION: Re-irradiation showed limited efficacy and 43% of patients achieving disease control suffered late toxicity that was manageable but not negligible.

TidsskriftRadiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)223-227
StatusUdgivet - 2017

ID: 52024753