Towards individualized dose constraints: Adjusting the QUANTEC radiation pneumonitis model for clinical risk factors

Ane L Appelt, Ivan R Vogelius, Katherina Farr, Azza Ahmed Khalil, Søren M Bentzen

    56 Citationer (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background. Understanding the dose-response of the lung in order to minimize the risk of radiation pneumonitis (RP) is critical for optimization of lung cancer radiotherapy. We propose a method to combine the dose-response relationship for RP in the landmark QUANTEC paper with known clinical risk factors, in order to enable individual risk prediction. The approach is validated in an independent dataset. Material and methods. The prevalence of risk factors in the patient populations underlying the QUANTEC analysis was estimated, and a previously published method to adjust dose-response relationships for clinical risk factors was employed. Effect size estimates (odds ratios) for risk factors were drawn from a recently published meta-analysis. Baseline values for D50 and γ50 were found. The method was tested in an independent dataset (103 patients), comparing the predictive power of the dose-only QUANTEC model and the model including risk factors. Subdistribution cumulative incidence functions were compared for patients with high/low-risk predictions from the two models, and concordance indices (c-indices) for the prediction of RP were calculated. Results. The reference dose- response relationship for a patient without pulmonary co-morbidities, caudally located tumor, no history of smoking,
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftActa oncologica
    Vol/bind53
    Udgave nummer5
    Sider (fra-til)605-12
    ISSN0284-186X
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 2014

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