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Tissue Doppler echocardiography reveals distinct patterns of impaired myocardial velocities in different degrees of coronary artery disease

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@article{a5fabb69d9e54e2388e9f649e6dd28d0,
title = "Tissue Doppler echocardiography reveals distinct patterns of impaired myocardial velocities in different degrees of coronary artery disease",
abstract = "Aim To determine how the left ventricular wall motion assessed by echocardiographic Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) is affected by increasing severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with stable angina pectoris and preserved ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study comprises 82 patients with suspected angina pectoris, no previous cardiac history, and a normal ejection fraction, who were all examined with colour TDI prior to coronary angiography. Patients without significant stenoses (n = 35) constituted the control group and patients with significant stenoses (n = 47) were divided into three groups according to significant one-, two-, or three-vessel disease (n = 18, n = 14, and n = 15, respectively). Regional longitudinal peak systolic (s'), early (e'), and late diastolic (a') myocardial velocities were measured at six mitral annular sites and averaged to provide global estimates. Each patient with significant coronary disease was matched with a control of the same age, sex, body mass index, and status regarding diabetes and hypertension. Global systolic and diastolic performance by TDI (in terms of global s' and E/e') were negatively correlated to the number of vessels with significant stenoses (both P <0.05). Regional analyses revealed that in one- and two-vessel disease, e' decreased significantly in the segments supplied by a stenotic artery. In patients with one-vessel disease, a' increased compensatorily with a significant reduction of e'/a'-ratio (0.86 +/- 0.24 vs. 1.00 +/- 0.28, P <0.05). Both regional and global s' was significantly reduced in patients with three-vessels disease. CONCLUSION: Colour TDI performed at rest in patients with stable angina and preserved ejection fraction reveals both diastolic and systolic dysfunction and the nature of the dysfunction depends on the extent of the CAD.",
author = "Soren Hoffmann and Rasmus Mogelvang and Olsen, {Niels Thue} and Peter S{\o}gaard and Thomas Fritz-Hansen and Jan Bech and Soren Galatius and Madsen, {Jan Kyst} and Jensen, {Jan Skov}",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/ejechocard/jeq015",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "544--9",
journal = "European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging",
issn = "1525-2167",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tissue Doppler echocardiography reveals distinct patterns of impaired myocardial velocities in different degrees of coronary artery disease

AU - Hoffmann, Soren

AU - Mogelvang, Rasmus

AU - Olsen, Niels Thue

AU - Søgaard, Peter

AU - Fritz-Hansen, Thomas

AU - Bech, Jan

AU - Galatius, Soren

AU - Madsen, Jan Kyst

AU - Jensen, Jan Skov

PY - 2010/7/1

Y1 - 2010/7/1

N2 - Aim To determine how the left ventricular wall motion assessed by echocardiographic Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) is affected by increasing severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with stable angina pectoris and preserved ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study comprises 82 patients with suspected angina pectoris, no previous cardiac history, and a normal ejection fraction, who were all examined with colour TDI prior to coronary angiography. Patients without significant stenoses (n = 35) constituted the control group and patients with significant stenoses (n = 47) were divided into three groups according to significant one-, two-, or three-vessel disease (n = 18, n = 14, and n = 15, respectively). Regional longitudinal peak systolic (s'), early (e'), and late diastolic (a') myocardial velocities were measured at six mitral annular sites and averaged to provide global estimates. Each patient with significant coronary disease was matched with a control of the same age, sex, body mass index, and status regarding diabetes and hypertension. Global systolic and diastolic performance by TDI (in terms of global s' and E/e') were negatively correlated to the number of vessels with significant stenoses (both P <0.05). Regional analyses revealed that in one- and two-vessel disease, e' decreased significantly in the segments supplied by a stenotic artery. In patients with one-vessel disease, a' increased compensatorily with a significant reduction of e'/a'-ratio (0.86 +/- 0.24 vs. 1.00 +/- 0.28, P <0.05). Both regional and global s' was significantly reduced in patients with three-vessels disease. CONCLUSION: Colour TDI performed at rest in patients with stable angina and preserved ejection fraction reveals both diastolic and systolic dysfunction and the nature of the dysfunction depends on the extent of the CAD.

AB - Aim To determine how the left ventricular wall motion assessed by echocardiographic Tissue Doppler Imaging (TDI) is affected by increasing severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) among patients with stable angina pectoris and preserved ejection fraction. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study comprises 82 patients with suspected angina pectoris, no previous cardiac history, and a normal ejection fraction, who were all examined with colour TDI prior to coronary angiography. Patients without significant stenoses (n = 35) constituted the control group and patients with significant stenoses (n = 47) were divided into three groups according to significant one-, two-, or three-vessel disease (n = 18, n = 14, and n = 15, respectively). Regional longitudinal peak systolic (s'), early (e'), and late diastolic (a') myocardial velocities were measured at six mitral annular sites and averaged to provide global estimates. Each patient with significant coronary disease was matched with a control of the same age, sex, body mass index, and status regarding diabetes and hypertension. Global systolic and diastolic performance by TDI (in terms of global s' and E/e') were negatively correlated to the number of vessels with significant stenoses (both P <0.05). Regional analyses revealed that in one- and two-vessel disease, e' decreased significantly in the segments supplied by a stenotic artery. In patients with one-vessel disease, a' increased compensatorily with a significant reduction of e'/a'-ratio (0.86 +/- 0.24 vs. 1.00 +/- 0.28, P <0.05). Both regional and global s' was significantly reduced in patients with three-vessels disease. CONCLUSION: Colour TDI performed at rest in patients with stable angina and preserved ejection fraction reveals both diastolic and systolic dysfunction and the nature of the dysfunction depends on the extent of the CAD.

U2 - 10.1093/ejechocard/jeq015

DO - 10.1093/ejechocard/jeq015

M3 - Journal article

VL - 11

SP - 544

EP - 549

JO - European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging

JF - European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging

SN - 1525-2167

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 32169261