Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Timing and Frequency of Daily Energy Intake in Adults with Prediabetes and Overweight or Obesity and Their Associations with Body Fat

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

DOI

  1. Trans-ethnic gut microbial signatures of prediabetic subjects from India and Denmark

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Genome-wide association study of circulating levels of glucagon during an oral glucose tolerance test

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Late-evening food intake is highly prevalent among individuals with type 2 diabetes

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

Knowledge on how energy intake and macronutrients are distributed during the day and the role of daily eating patterns in body composition among adults with overweight/obesity and prediabetes is lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the diurnal dietary intake and studied the associations of daily eating patterns with body fat percentage. A total of 119 adults with prediabetes were included (mean (SD) HbA1c 41 (2.3) mmol/mol, BMI 31.5 (5.0) kg/m2, age 57.8 (9.3) years, 44% men). Information on dietary intake was obtained from self-reported food records for three consecutive days. All foods and beverages (except water) were registered with information on time of ingestion. Body fat was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. A total of 60.5% of the participants reported a daily eating window of 12 or more hours/day, and almost half of the daily total energy intake was reported in the evening. In analyses adjusted for age, gender, and total daily energy intake, having the first daily energy intake one hour later was associated with slightly higher body fat percentage (0.64% per hour, 95% CI: 0.28; 1.01; p < 0.001), whereas higher meal frequency was associated with slightly lower body fat percentage (0.49% per extra daily meal, 95% CI: -0.81; -0.18; p = 0.002). Prospective studies are warranted to address the clinical implications of daily eating patterns on body fat and cardiometabolic health.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummer3484
TidsskriftNutrients
Vol/bind12
Udgave nummer11
Sider (fra-til)1-11
Antal sider11
ISSN2072-6643
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 13 nov. 2020

ID: 61271877