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Three Months of Progressive High-Load Versus Traditional Low-Load Strength Training Among Patients With Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy: Primary Results From the Double-Blind Randomized Controlled RoCTEx Trial

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  • Kim Gordon Ingwersen
  • Steen Lund Jensen
  • Lilli Sørensen
  • Hans Ri Jørgensen
  • Robin Christensen
  • Karen Søgaard
  • Birgit Juul-Kristensen
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BACKGROUND: Progressive high-load exercise (PHLE) has led to positive clinical results in patients with patellar and Achilles tendinopathy. However, its effects on rotator cuff tendinopathy still need to be investigated.

PURPOSE: To assess the clinical effects of PHLE versus low-load exercise (LLE) among patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy.

STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1.

METHODS: Patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy were recruited and randomized to 12 weeks of PHLE or LLE, stratified for concomitant administration of corticosteroid injection. The primary outcome measure was change from baseline to 12 weeks in the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire, assessed in the intention-to-treat population.

RESULTS: A total of 100 patients were randomized to PHLE (n = 49) or LLE (n = 51). Mean changes in the DASH questionnaire were 7.11 points (95% CI, 3.07-11.16) and 8.39 points (95% CI, 4.35-12.44) in the PHLE and LLE groups, respectively; this corresponded to a statistically nonsignificant adjusted mean group difference of -1.37 points (95% CI, -6.72 to 3.99; P = .61). Similar nonsignificant results were seen for pain, range of motion, and strength. However, a significant interaction effect was found between the 2 groups and concomitant corticosteroid use (P = .028), with the largest positive change in DASH in favor of PHLE for the group receiving concomitant corticosteroid.

CONCLUSION: The study results showed no superior benefit from PHLE over traditional LLE among patients with rotator cuff tendinopathy. Further investigation of the possible interaction between exercise type and corticosteroid injection is needed to establish optimal and potentially synergistic combinations of these 2 factors.

REGISTRATION: NCT01984203 ( identifier): Rotator Cuff Tendinopathy Exercise Trial (RoCTEx).

TidsskriftOrthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)2325967117723292
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2017

ID: 52010161