Theory-Based Approaches to Support Dermoscopic Image Interpretation Education: A Review of the Literature

Tiffaney Tran, Niels K Ternov, Jochen Weber, Catarina Barata, Elizabeth G Berry, Hung Q Doan, Ashfaq A Marghoob, Elizabeth V Seiverling, Shelly Sinclair, Jennifer A Stein, Elizabeth R Stoos, Martin G Tolsgaard, Maya Wolfensperger, Ralph P Braun, Kelly C Nelson


INTRODUCTION: Efficient interpretation of dermoscopic images relies on pattern recognition, and the development of expert-level proficiency typically requires extensive training and years of practice. While traditional methods of transferring knowledge have proven effective, technological advances may significantly improve upon these strategies and better equip dermoscopy learners with the pattern recognition skills required for real-world practice.

OBJECTIVES: A narrative review of the literature was performed to explore emerging directions in medical image interpretation education that may enhance dermoscopy education. This article represents the first of a two-part review series on this topic.

METHODS: To promote innovation in dermoscopy education, the International Skin Imaging Collaborative (ISIC) assembled a 12-member Education Working Group that comprises international dermoscopy experts and educational scientists. Based on a preliminary literature review and their experiences as educators, the group developed and refined a list of innovative approaches through multiple rounds of discussion and feedback. For each approach, literature searches were performed for relevant articles.

RESULTS: Through a consensus-based approach, the group identified a number of emerging directions in image interpretation education. The following theory-based approaches will be discussed in this first part: whole-task learning, microlearning, perceptual learning, and adaptive learning.

CONCLUSIONS: Compared to traditional methods, these theory-based approaches may enhance dermoscopy education by making learning more engaging and interactive and reducing the amount of time required to develop expert-level pattern recognition skills. Further exploration is needed to determine how these approaches can be seamlessly and successfully integrated to optimize dermoscopy education.

TidsskriftDermatology practical & conceptual
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)e2022188
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2022


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