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The value of EBV DNA in early detection of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders among solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

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@article{6b8c439c4207441f8a6ebb84f048d204,
title = "The value of EBV DNA in early detection of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders among solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients",
abstract = "PURPOSE: Emerging EBV DNAemia in plasma is considered an early sign of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of benefit from screening for EBV DNAemia to detect emerging PTLD among solid organ (SOT) or hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients (HSCT).METHODS: We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for assessing ability of models to predict PTLD. Among 2642 recipients transplanted between January 2004 and December 2014, 79 (3{\%}) developed PTLD.RESULTS: EBV DNAemia was observed in 331/1784 recipients (18.6{\%}, 95{\%} CI 16.8-20.4) with measured EBV DNA. The area under the curve (AUC) of the ROC of EBV DNAemia to identify persons with subsequent PTLD was 72{\%} (95{\%} CI, 64-79{\%}) among SOT and 59{\%} (51-68{\%}) among HSCT. Including clinical predictors such as age, gender, transplant year and type, high-risk EBV serostatus, and routine biochemistry in addition to EBV DNAemia increased AUC to 83{\%} (75-90{\%}) among SOT and 84{\%} (79-89{\%}) among HSCT. Among HSCT, including additional factors such as T-cell-depleting treatment, acute graft vs. host disease and donor match increased AUC to 85{\%} (78-91{\%}).CONCLUSIONS: We constructed a model to better predict PTLD compared to EBV DNA screening alone which could have clinical implications.",
author = "Wareham, {Neval E} and Amanda Mocroft and Henrik Sengel{\o}v and {Da Cunha-Bang}, Caspar and Finn Gustafsson and Carsten Heilmann and Martin Iversen and Kirkby, {Nikolai S} and Allan Rasmussen and S{\o}rensen, {S{\o}ren Schwartz} and Lundgren, {Jens D} and {MATCH in PERSIMUNE study group}",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/s00432-018-2674-9",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
pages = "1569--1580",
journal = "European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology",
issn = "0171-5216",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The value of EBV DNA in early detection of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders among solid organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients

AU - Wareham, Neval E

AU - Mocroft, Amanda

AU - Sengeløv, Henrik

AU - Da Cunha-Bang, Caspar

AU - Gustafsson, Finn

AU - Heilmann, Carsten

AU - Iversen, Martin

AU - Kirkby, Nikolai S

AU - Rasmussen, Allan

AU - Sørensen, Søren Schwartz

AU - Lundgren, Jens D

AU - MATCH in PERSIMUNE study group

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - PURPOSE: Emerging EBV DNAemia in plasma is considered an early sign of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of benefit from screening for EBV DNAemia to detect emerging PTLD among solid organ (SOT) or hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients (HSCT).METHODS: We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for assessing ability of models to predict PTLD. Among 2642 recipients transplanted between January 2004 and December 2014, 79 (3%) developed PTLD.RESULTS: EBV DNAemia was observed in 331/1784 recipients (18.6%, 95% CI 16.8-20.4) with measured EBV DNA. The area under the curve (AUC) of the ROC of EBV DNAemia to identify persons with subsequent PTLD was 72% (95% CI, 64-79%) among SOT and 59% (51-68%) among HSCT. Including clinical predictors such as age, gender, transplant year and type, high-risk EBV serostatus, and routine biochemistry in addition to EBV DNAemia increased AUC to 83% (75-90%) among SOT and 84% (79-89%) among HSCT. Among HSCT, including additional factors such as T-cell-depleting treatment, acute graft vs. host disease and donor match increased AUC to 85% (78-91%).CONCLUSIONS: We constructed a model to better predict PTLD compared to EBV DNA screening alone which could have clinical implications.

AB - PURPOSE: Emerging EBV DNAemia in plasma is considered an early sign of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD). The aim of this study was to quantify the extent of benefit from screening for EBV DNAemia to detect emerging PTLD among solid organ (SOT) or hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients (HSCT).METHODS: We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves for assessing ability of models to predict PTLD. Among 2642 recipients transplanted between January 2004 and December 2014, 79 (3%) developed PTLD.RESULTS: EBV DNAemia was observed in 331/1784 recipients (18.6%, 95% CI 16.8-20.4) with measured EBV DNA. The area under the curve (AUC) of the ROC of EBV DNAemia to identify persons with subsequent PTLD was 72% (95% CI, 64-79%) among SOT and 59% (51-68%) among HSCT. Including clinical predictors such as age, gender, transplant year and type, high-risk EBV serostatus, and routine biochemistry in addition to EBV DNAemia increased AUC to 83% (75-90%) among SOT and 84% (79-89%) among HSCT. Among HSCT, including additional factors such as T-cell-depleting treatment, acute graft vs. host disease and donor match increased AUC to 85% (78-91%).CONCLUSIONS: We constructed a model to better predict PTLD compared to EBV DNA screening alone which could have clinical implications.

U2 - 10.1007/s00432-018-2674-9

DO - 10.1007/s00432-018-2674-9

M3 - Journal article

VL - 144

SP - 1569

EP - 1580

JO - European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology

JF - European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology

SN - 0171-5216

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 54658370