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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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The role of infectious agents in cancer of the ocular region

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewpeer review

DOI

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Vis graf over relationer

The purpose of the study was to investigate the association between infectious agents and the development of cancer in the ocular adnexa. A comprehensive literary study was carried out, reviewing and summarizing previous reports on the topic. A broad range of malignancies of the ocular adnexa are associated with infectious agents. A strong association and possible causal relationship between the infectious agent and the development of ocular adnexal cancer are seen in Merkel cell carcinoma (Merkel cell polyomavirus), Burkitt lymphoma (Epstein-Barr virus) and Kaposi sarcoma (human herpesvirus 8). Infection with Chlamydia psittaci has been associated with the development of extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma in Italy. Human papillomavirus infection has been associated with the development of squamous cell carcinomas of the ocular adnexa, although with a highly variable reported prevalence. By exploring the role of infectious agents in the ocular adnexa and the mechanism by which they contribute to oncogenesis, the diagnostics, management and prevention of these malignancies may also improve. Antibiotic treatment and vaccines against infectious agents may be valuable in future treatment. Additionally, the presence of infectious agents within the tumours may have a prognostic or predictive value.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAPMIS - Journal of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology
Vol/bind128
Udgave nummer2
Sider (fra-til)136-149
Antal sider14
ISSN0903-4641
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2020

Bibliografisk note

© 2020 APMIS. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

ID: 61961566