The results of pancreatic operations after the implementation of multidisciplinary team conference (MDT): A quality improvement study

Mariana Fernanda Cordoba Hansen, Jan Henrik Storkholm, Carsten Palnaes Hansen

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Centralization has improved the outcome of complex operations including cancer surgery. Moreover, the implementation of multidisciplinary team conferences (MDT) has ameliorated the decision making, but the impact on patient outcome is controversial. The aim of the study was to investigate the outcome of pancreatic surgery in the setting of centralization and upfront multidisciplinary decision making.

    METHOD: The decisions of MDT from 2010 to 2016 and the outcome of operations were compared with operations from 2003 to 2009 before centralization of pancreatic surgery and implementation of MDT. Data were drawn from the department's database and from hospital's electronic patient files.

    RESULTS: From 2010 to 2016, 7.015 patients were evaluated at the MDT. In 72.6% of patients a treatment plan followed the first evaluation, the referral diagnosis was changed in 12.4% of cases. Of 3.362 solid neoplasms, 1.680 (50.0%) were evaluated as resectable and 1.080 (32.1%) patients were operated. The annual resection rate of operated patients was78.3%-88.5% (median 80.0%) compared to 21.4% to 80.% (median 68.6%, p = 0.0001) from 2003 to 2009 with 279 operated patients. The post-operative 30 - and 90-days mortality from 2003 to 2009 and 2010 to 2016 was 3.4% vs. 1.8% (NS) and 5.0% vs 3.6% (NS). In the same periods explorative laparotomies and palliative resections decreased from 18.3% to 3.6% (p = 0.0001) and 18.6%-10.2% (p = 0.0002). The median survival of radically resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC) from 2003 to 2009 and from 2010 to 2016 was 20.2 and 21.9 months, respectively (p = 0.687).

    CONCLUSION: The MDT increased patient flow, improved quality of decision-making and offered more patients surgical treatment without increasing morbidity or mortality. But an impact on the long-term survival of patients with PAC was not found.

    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftInternational Surgery
    Vol/bind77
    Sider (fra-til)105-110
    Antal sider6
    ISSN0020-8868
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - maj 2020

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