The prefrontal cortex in the Göttingen minipig brain defined by neural projection criteria and cytoarchitecture.

J Jelsing, Anders Hay-Schmidt, Tim Dyrby, R Hemmingsen, HB Uylings

51 Citationer (Scopus)


In an attempt to delineate the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in the Gottingen minipig brain the distribution of reciprocal thalamocortical projections was investigated using anterograde and retrograde tracing techniques and evaluated in relation to the specific cytoarchitectonic organization. Tracers were visualized using standard immunohistochemistry or evaluated in vivo using manganese (Mn2+) as an MRI paramagnetic tracer. The in vivo tract tracing turned out to be very sensitive with a high correspondence to the histological labelling. Tracers injected into the mediodorsal thalamus labelled the medial and rostral pole of the frontal lobe as well as the anterior cingulate, anterior insular and dorsomedial frontal cortices. Subsequently, the reciprocity and specificity of these connections were tested from injections into the traced frontal cortices indicating that the PFC has cortical connections to different parts of the MD nucleus. Although the granular layer IV, characteristic of primate PFC could not be identified, both cytoarchitectonic and connectional data suggests that the Gottingen minipig has a structurally divided prefrontal cortex. Stereological estimates of PFC volume showed that the Gottingen minipig PFC constitutes about 24% of the total neocortex volume and 10% of the total brain volume
TidsskriftBrain Research Bulletin
Udgave nummer4-6
Sider (fra-til)322-336
StatusUdgivet - 2006


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