Forskning
Udskriv Udskriv
Switch language
Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

The Positivism Paradigm of Research

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Embracing Multiple Stakeholder Perspectives in Defining Trainee Competence

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. A Night on Trauma

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. In reply to walsh

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftKommentar/debatForskningpeer review

  1. Reliable test of clinicians' mastery in skin cancer diagnostics

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Educational needs in the COVID-19 pandemic: a Delphi study among doctors and nurses in Wuhan, China

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. European Respiratory Society Statement on Thoracic Ultrasound

    Publikation: Bidrag til bog/antologi/rapportBidrag til bog/antologiForskning

  4. Simulation Based Training and Assessment in Open Vascular Surgery: A Systematic Review

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftReviewpeer review

Vis graf over relationer

Research paradigms guide scientific discoveries through their assumptions and principles. Understanding paradigm-specific assumptions helps illuminate the quality of findings that support scientific studies and identify gaps in generating sound evidence. This article focuses on the research paradigm of positivism, examining its definition, history, and assumptions (ontology, epistemology, axiology, methodology, and rigor). Positivism is aligned with the hypothetico-deductive model of science that builds on verifying a priori hypotheses and experimentation by operationalizing variables and measures; results from hypothesis testing are used to inform and advance science. Studies aligned with positivism generally focus on identifying explanatory associations or causal relationships through quantitative approaches, where empirically based findings from large sample sizes are favored-in this regard, generalizable inferences, replication of findings, and controlled experimentation have been principles guiding positivist science. Criteria for evaluating the quality of positivist research are discussed. An example from health professions education is provided to guide positivist thinking in study design and implementation.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftAcademic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Vol/bind95
Udgave nummer5
Sider (fra-til)690-694
Antal sider5
ISSN1040-2446
DOI
StatusUdgivet - maj 2020

ID: 59301642