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The New Nordic Diet: phosphorus content and absorption

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Salomo, Louise ; Poulsen, Sanne K ; Rix, Marianne ; Kamper, Anne-Lise ; Larsen, Thomas M ; Astrup, Arne. / The New Nordic Diet : phosphorus content and absorption. I: European Journal of Nutrition. 2016 ; Bind 55, Nr. 3. s. 991-6.

Bibtex

@article{5dff8fd98a6e4fb5b060379d0dfa3bed,
title = "The New Nordic Diet: phosphorus content and absorption",
abstract = "PURPOSE: High phosphorus content in the diet may have adverse effect on cardiovascular health. We investigated whether the New Nordic Diet (NND), based mainly on local, organic and less processed food and large amounts of fruit, vegetables, wholegrain and fish, versus an Average Danish Diet (ADD) would reduce the phosphorus load due to less phosphorus-containing food additives, animal protein and more plant-based proteins.METHODS: Phosphorus and creatinine were measured in plasma and urine at baseline, week 12 and week 26 in 132 centrally obese subjects with normal renal function as part of a post hoc analysis of data acquired from a 26-week controlled trial. We used the fractional phosphorus excretion as a measurement of phosphorus absorption.RESULTS: Mean baseline fractional phosphorus excretion was 20.9 ± 6.6 {\%} in the NND group (n = 82) and 20.8 ± 5.5 {\%} in the ADD group (n = 50) and was decreased by 2.8 ± 5.1 and 3.1 ± 5.4 {\%}, respectively, (p = 0.6) at week 26. At week 26, the mean change in plasma phosphorus was 0.04 ± 0.12 mmol/L in the NND group and -0.03 ± 0.13 mmol/L in the ADD group (p = 0.001). Mean baseline phosphorus intake was 1950 ± 16 mg/10 MJ in the NND group and 1968 ± 22 mg/10 MJ in the ADD group and decreased less in the NND compared to the ADD (67 ± 36 mg/10 MJ and -266 ± 45 mg/day, respectively, p < 0.298).CONCLUSION: Contrary to expectations, the NND had a high phosphorus intake and did not decrease the fractional phosphorus excretion compared with ADD. Further modifications of the diet are needed in order to make this food concept beneficial regarding phosphorus absorption.",
author = "Louise Salomo and Poulsen, {Sanne K} and Marianne Rix and Anne-Lise Kamper and Larsen, {Thomas M} and Arne Astrup",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/s00394-015-0913-2",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "991--6",
journal = "European Journal of Nutrition",
issn = "1436-6207",
publisher = "Dr. Dietrich/Steinkopff Verlag",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The New Nordic Diet

T2 - phosphorus content and absorption

AU - Salomo, Louise

AU - Poulsen, Sanne K

AU - Rix, Marianne

AU - Kamper, Anne-Lise

AU - Larsen, Thomas M

AU - Astrup, Arne

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - PURPOSE: High phosphorus content in the diet may have adverse effect on cardiovascular health. We investigated whether the New Nordic Diet (NND), based mainly on local, organic and less processed food and large amounts of fruit, vegetables, wholegrain and fish, versus an Average Danish Diet (ADD) would reduce the phosphorus load due to less phosphorus-containing food additives, animal protein and more plant-based proteins.METHODS: Phosphorus and creatinine were measured in plasma and urine at baseline, week 12 and week 26 in 132 centrally obese subjects with normal renal function as part of a post hoc analysis of data acquired from a 26-week controlled trial. We used the fractional phosphorus excretion as a measurement of phosphorus absorption.RESULTS: Mean baseline fractional phosphorus excretion was 20.9 ± 6.6 % in the NND group (n = 82) and 20.8 ± 5.5 % in the ADD group (n = 50) and was decreased by 2.8 ± 5.1 and 3.1 ± 5.4 %, respectively, (p = 0.6) at week 26. At week 26, the mean change in plasma phosphorus was 0.04 ± 0.12 mmol/L in the NND group and -0.03 ± 0.13 mmol/L in the ADD group (p = 0.001). Mean baseline phosphorus intake was 1950 ± 16 mg/10 MJ in the NND group and 1968 ± 22 mg/10 MJ in the ADD group and decreased less in the NND compared to the ADD (67 ± 36 mg/10 MJ and -266 ± 45 mg/day, respectively, p < 0.298).CONCLUSION: Contrary to expectations, the NND had a high phosphorus intake and did not decrease the fractional phosphorus excretion compared with ADD. Further modifications of the diet are needed in order to make this food concept beneficial regarding phosphorus absorption.

AB - PURPOSE: High phosphorus content in the diet may have adverse effect on cardiovascular health. We investigated whether the New Nordic Diet (NND), based mainly on local, organic and less processed food and large amounts of fruit, vegetables, wholegrain and fish, versus an Average Danish Diet (ADD) would reduce the phosphorus load due to less phosphorus-containing food additives, animal protein and more plant-based proteins.METHODS: Phosphorus and creatinine were measured in plasma and urine at baseline, week 12 and week 26 in 132 centrally obese subjects with normal renal function as part of a post hoc analysis of data acquired from a 26-week controlled trial. We used the fractional phosphorus excretion as a measurement of phosphorus absorption.RESULTS: Mean baseline fractional phosphorus excretion was 20.9 ± 6.6 % in the NND group (n = 82) and 20.8 ± 5.5 % in the ADD group (n = 50) and was decreased by 2.8 ± 5.1 and 3.1 ± 5.4 %, respectively, (p = 0.6) at week 26. At week 26, the mean change in plasma phosphorus was 0.04 ± 0.12 mmol/L in the NND group and -0.03 ± 0.13 mmol/L in the ADD group (p = 0.001). Mean baseline phosphorus intake was 1950 ± 16 mg/10 MJ in the NND group and 1968 ± 22 mg/10 MJ in the ADD group and decreased less in the NND compared to the ADD (67 ± 36 mg/10 MJ and -266 ± 45 mg/day, respectively, p < 0.298).CONCLUSION: Contrary to expectations, the NND had a high phosphorus intake and did not decrease the fractional phosphorus excretion compared with ADD. Further modifications of the diet are needed in order to make this food concept beneficial regarding phosphorus absorption.

U2 - 10.1007/s00394-015-0913-2

DO - 10.1007/s00394-015-0913-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 55

SP - 991

EP - 996

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 46224260