The molecular nature of vascularly released cholecystokinin from the isolated perfused porcine duodenum

J F Rehfeld, J J Holst, S L Jensen

Abstract

Using sequence-specific radioimmunoassays, the quantities and molecular nature of cholecystokinin (CCK) have been determined in extracts of porcine duodenal mucosa and in the vascular perfusate from the isolated porcine duodenum. The basal concentration of CCK in the perfusate was 84 pM equiv. CCK-8 (mean; range: 32-173 pM, n = 5). After intraluminal stimulation with amino acids, acidified fat emulsions and hydrochloric acid, the concentrations increased 2--5-fold. Both in the basal and stimulated state the concentrations of the related hormone, gastrin, were below 5 pM equiv. gastrin-17. CCK in the perfusate was concentrated by affinity-chromatography using antibodies directed against the bioactive C-terminus. Subsequent gel chromatography revealed a form with a size like or slightly larger than the C-terminal dodecapeptide (CCK-12), a predominant form resembling the C-terminal octapeptide (CCK-8), and a form resembling the C terminal tetrapeptide (CCK-4). The duodenal mucosa contained in addition CCK-33, -39 and CCK-peptides with further N-terminal extensions. The results suggest that small CCK peptides are the principal circulating forms, while CCK-33 and larger forms are biosynthetic precursors.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftRegulatory Peptides
Vol/bind3
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)15-28
Antal sider14
ISSN0167-0115
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 1982
Udgivet eksterntJa

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