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The Mediating Effect of Pupils' Physical Fitness on the Relationship Between Family Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement in a Danish School Cohort

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Andersen, Mikkel Porsborg ; Valeri, Linda ; Starkopf, Liis ; Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark ; Sessa, Maurizio ; Kragholm, Kristian Hay ; Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik ; Bøggild, Henrik ; Lange, Theis ; Torp-Pedersen, Christian. / The Mediating Effect of Pupils' Physical Fitness on the Relationship Between Family Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement in a Danish School Cohort. I: Sports Medicine. 2019 ; Bind 49, Nr. 8. s. 1291-1301.

Bibtex

@article{65f57154fd8548cb9654399b1646a1f5,
title = "The Mediating Effect of Pupils' Physical Fitness on the Relationship Between Family Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement in a Danish School Cohort",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION: Family socioeconomic status influences pupils' academic achievements, and studies have established positive associations between physical fitness and academic achievements. However, whether physical fitness mediates the relationship remains unknown.OBJECTIVE: We investigated if pupils' physical fitness mediates the pathway between family socioeconomic status and academic achievement using causal inference-based mediation analysis.METHODS: This study included 527 girls and 552 boys between 13 and 15 years of age from the Danish municipality of Aalborg. Physical fitness was measured through VO2max tests in 2010 and demographic data were obtained from nationwide registers. Family socioeconomic status was classified into four levels ranging from 1 to 4, where level 1 represents the lowest and level 4 the highest based on either family income or education.RESULTS: Controlling for sex, ethnicity, age, and parents' cohabitation status, all total effects display higher academic achievement with increased family socioeconomic status. Splitting the effects, the direct effects reveal the existence of other pathways not involving physical fitness. The indirect effects established physical fitness as a mediator showing that pupils from family socioeconomic status levels one, three, and four changes grade by - 0.13 [95% confidence interval (CI) - 0.26, - 0.01], 0.07 (95% CI 0.00, 0.14), and 0.24 (95% CI 0.14, 0.34), respectively, compared to socioeconomic status level two. The corresponding proportions mediated are 18% (95% CI 1, 57), 6% (95 CI 0, 13), and 12% (95% CI 7, 18) when family socioeconomic status is based on education. Classifying family socioeconomic status on income, pupils from family socioeconomic status levels one, three, and four show grade changes of - 0.07 (95% CI - 0.16, 0.02), 0.22 (95% CI 0.13, 0.32), and 0.26 (95% CI 0.15, 0.37), respectively, compared to socioeconomic status level two. The corresponding proportions mediated are 12% (95% CI - 6, 41), 30% (95% CI 16, 54), and 20% (95% CI 12, 32).CONCLUSION: In conclusion, pupils' physical fitness partially mediated the pathway between family socioeconomic status and academic achievement.",
author = "Andersen, {Mikkel Porsborg} and Linda Valeri and Liis Starkopf and Mortensen, {Rikke N{\o}rmark} and Maurizio Sessa and Kragholm, {Kristian Hay} and Henrik Vardinghus-Nielsen and Henrik B{\o}ggild and Theis Lange and Christian Torp-Pedersen",
year = "2019",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1007/s40279-019-01117-6",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "1291--1301",
journal = "Sports Medicine",
issn = "0112-1642",
publisher = "Adis International Ltd",
number = "8",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Mediating Effect of Pupils' Physical Fitness on the Relationship Between Family Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement in a Danish School Cohort

AU - Andersen, Mikkel Porsborg

AU - Valeri, Linda

AU - Starkopf, Liis

AU - Mortensen, Rikke Nørmark

AU - Sessa, Maurizio

AU - Kragholm, Kristian Hay

AU - Vardinghus-Nielsen, Henrik

AU - Bøggild, Henrik

AU - Lange, Theis

AU - Torp-Pedersen, Christian

PY - 2019/8

Y1 - 2019/8

N2 - INTRODUCTION: Family socioeconomic status influences pupils' academic achievements, and studies have established positive associations between physical fitness and academic achievements. However, whether physical fitness mediates the relationship remains unknown.OBJECTIVE: We investigated if pupils' physical fitness mediates the pathway between family socioeconomic status and academic achievement using causal inference-based mediation analysis.METHODS: This study included 527 girls and 552 boys between 13 and 15 years of age from the Danish municipality of Aalborg. Physical fitness was measured through VO2max tests in 2010 and demographic data were obtained from nationwide registers. Family socioeconomic status was classified into four levels ranging from 1 to 4, where level 1 represents the lowest and level 4 the highest based on either family income or education.RESULTS: Controlling for sex, ethnicity, age, and parents' cohabitation status, all total effects display higher academic achievement with increased family socioeconomic status. Splitting the effects, the direct effects reveal the existence of other pathways not involving physical fitness. The indirect effects established physical fitness as a mediator showing that pupils from family socioeconomic status levels one, three, and four changes grade by - 0.13 [95% confidence interval (CI) - 0.26, - 0.01], 0.07 (95% CI 0.00, 0.14), and 0.24 (95% CI 0.14, 0.34), respectively, compared to socioeconomic status level two. The corresponding proportions mediated are 18% (95% CI 1, 57), 6% (95 CI 0, 13), and 12% (95% CI 7, 18) when family socioeconomic status is based on education. Classifying family socioeconomic status on income, pupils from family socioeconomic status levels one, three, and four show grade changes of - 0.07 (95% CI - 0.16, 0.02), 0.22 (95% CI 0.13, 0.32), and 0.26 (95% CI 0.15, 0.37), respectively, compared to socioeconomic status level two. The corresponding proportions mediated are 12% (95% CI - 6, 41), 30% (95% CI 16, 54), and 20% (95% CI 12, 32).CONCLUSION: In conclusion, pupils' physical fitness partially mediated the pathway between family socioeconomic status and academic achievement.

AB - INTRODUCTION: Family socioeconomic status influences pupils' academic achievements, and studies have established positive associations between physical fitness and academic achievements. However, whether physical fitness mediates the relationship remains unknown.OBJECTIVE: We investigated if pupils' physical fitness mediates the pathway between family socioeconomic status and academic achievement using causal inference-based mediation analysis.METHODS: This study included 527 girls and 552 boys between 13 and 15 years of age from the Danish municipality of Aalborg. Physical fitness was measured through VO2max tests in 2010 and demographic data were obtained from nationwide registers. Family socioeconomic status was classified into four levels ranging from 1 to 4, where level 1 represents the lowest and level 4 the highest based on either family income or education.RESULTS: Controlling for sex, ethnicity, age, and parents' cohabitation status, all total effects display higher academic achievement with increased family socioeconomic status. Splitting the effects, the direct effects reveal the existence of other pathways not involving physical fitness. The indirect effects established physical fitness as a mediator showing that pupils from family socioeconomic status levels one, three, and four changes grade by - 0.13 [95% confidence interval (CI) - 0.26, - 0.01], 0.07 (95% CI 0.00, 0.14), and 0.24 (95% CI 0.14, 0.34), respectively, compared to socioeconomic status level two. The corresponding proportions mediated are 18% (95% CI 1, 57), 6% (95 CI 0, 13), and 12% (95% CI 7, 18) when family socioeconomic status is based on education. Classifying family socioeconomic status on income, pupils from family socioeconomic status levels one, three, and four show grade changes of - 0.07 (95% CI - 0.16, 0.02), 0.22 (95% CI 0.13, 0.32), and 0.26 (95% CI 0.15, 0.37), respectively, compared to socioeconomic status level two. The corresponding proportions mediated are 12% (95% CI - 6, 41), 30% (95% CI 16, 54), and 20% (95% CI 12, 32).CONCLUSION: In conclusion, pupils' physical fitness partially mediated the pathway between family socioeconomic status and academic achievement.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85066137364&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s40279-019-01117-6

DO - 10.1007/s40279-019-01117-6

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 31111445

VL - 49

SP - 1291

EP - 1301

JO - Sports Medicine

JF - Sports Medicine

SN - 0112-1642

IS - 8

ER -

ID: 57247413