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The long-acting somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 causes malabsorption.

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@article{9a82dfd2f0ff451ba09a8f587fe3e1b2,
title = "The long-acting somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 causes malabsorption.",
abstract = "Somatostatin and its long-acting analogue SMS 201-995 (Sandostatin) have been suspected of causing steatorrhoea. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of SMS 201-995 on fat assimilation in healthy subjects, using 14C-triolein and 3H-oleic acid as tracers of dietary triglycerides and free fatty acids, respectively, and 51CrCl3 as non-absorbable marker. Six healthy male volunteers participated in the double-blinded, randomized, crossover study. In each test period either 1 ml of SMS 201-995, containing 200 micrograms, or 1 ml of isotone saline was given subcutaneously three times within 16 h. Faeces were collected for 3 days, every stool separately. The faecal 14C-triolein and 3H-oleic acid excretion was calculated from two aliquots of faeces. In addition, the mean daily faecal fat excretion was estimated. When placebo was given, the median 14C-triolein excretion was 1{\%} (range, 0.9-1.6{\%}), the median 3H-oleic acid excretion was 5{\%} (range, 3-10{\%}), and the daily faecal fat excretion was 4 g/day (range, 1-6 g/day), all within normal limits. When SMS 201-995 was given, the faecal 14C-triolein excretion increased to a median of 75{\%} (range, 43-119{\%}), the 3H-oleic acid excretion increased to a median of 82{\%} (range, 46-126{\%}), and the faecal fat excretion increased to a median of 22 g/day (range, 4-34 g/day), all clearly above normal. The faecal 14C-triolein/3H-oleic acid test showed triglycerides and free fatty acids to be equally malassimilated, which indicates malabsorption.",
author = "K Witt and Pedersen, {N T}",
year = "1989",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "1248--1252",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology",
issn = "0036-5521",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The long-acting somatostatin analogue SMS 201-995 causes malabsorption.

AU - Witt, K

AU - Pedersen, N T

PY - 1989

Y1 - 1989

N2 - Somatostatin and its long-acting analogue SMS 201-995 (Sandostatin) have been suspected of causing steatorrhoea. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of SMS 201-995 on fat assimilation in healthy subjects, using 14C-triolein and 3H-oleic acid as tracers of dietary triglycerides and free fatty acids, respectively, and 51CrCl3 as non-absorbable marker. Six healthy male volunteers participated in the double-blinded, randomized, crossover study. In each test period either 1 ml of SMS 201-995, containing 200 micrograms, or 1 ml of isotone saline was given subcutaneously three times within 16 h. Faeces were collected for 3 days, every stool separately. The faecal 14C-triolein and 3H-oleic acid excretion was calculated from two aliquots of faeces. In addition, the mean daily faecal fat excretion was estimated. When placebo was given, the median 14C-triolein excretion was 1% (range, 0.9-1.6%), the median 3H-oleic acid excretion was 5% (range, 3-10%), and the daily faecal fat excretion was 4 g/day (range, 1-6 g/day), all within normal limits. When SMS 201-995 was given, the faecal 14C-triolein excretion increased to a median of 75% (range, 43-119%), the 3H-oleic acid excretion increased to a median of 82% (range, 46-126%), and the faecal fat excretion increased to a median of 22 g/day (range, 4-34 g/day), all clearly above normal. The faecal 14C-triolein/3H-oleic acid test showed triglycerides and free fatty acids to be equally malassimilated, which indicates malabsorption.

AB - Somatostatin and its long-acting analogue SMS 201-995 (Sandostatin) have been suspected of causing steatorrhoea. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of SMS 201-995 on fat assimilation in healthy subjects, using 14C-triolein and 3H-oleic acid as tracers of dietary triglycerides and free fatty acids, respectively, and 51CrCl3 as non-absorbable marker. Six healthy male volunteers participated in the double-blinded, randomized, crossover study. In each test period either 1 ml of SMS 201-995, containing 200 micrograms, or 1 ml of isotone saline was given subcutaneously three times within 16 h. Faeces were collected for 3 days, every stool separately. The faecal 14C-triolein and 3H-oleic acid excretion was calculated from two aliquots of faeces. In addition, the mean daily faecal fat excretion was estimated. When placebo was given, the median 14C-triolein excretion was 1% (range, 0.9-1.6%), the median 3H-oleic acid excretion was 5% (range, 3-10%), and the daily faecal fat excretion was 4 g/day (range, 1-6 g/day), all within normal limits. When SMS 201-995 was given, the faecal 14C-triolein excretion increased to a median of 75% (range, 43-119%), the 3H-oleic acid excretion increased to a median of 82% (range, 46-126%), and the faecal fat excretion increased to a median of 22 g/day (range, 4-34 g/day), all clearly above normal. The faecal 14C-triolein/3H-oleic acid test showed triglycerides and free fatty acids to be equally malassimilated, which indicates malabsorption.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - 1248

EP - 1252

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology

SN - 0036-5521

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 32496283