The Incidence and Impact of Permanent Right Ventricular Infarction on Left Ventricular Infarct Size in Patients With Inferior ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Abstract

Mounting evidence shows that right ventricle (RV) function carries independent prognostic influence in various disease states. This study aimed to investigate the incidence and impact of permanent RV infarction in patients with inferior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and culprit lesion in the right coronary artery (RCA). In this substudy of the DANAMI-3 (DANish Study of Optimal Acute Treatment of Patients with ST-segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction) trial, cardiac magnetic resonance was performed in 291 patients at day 1 and follow-up 3 months after primary percutaneous coronary intervention of 674 patients with STEMI with the culprit lesion in the RCA. Final infarct was assessed using late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance at 3 months. Patients with permanent RV infarction (20%) had lower ventricular function at follow-up; RV ejection fraction (EF) 47% ±6 versus 50% ± 5 (p <0.005) and left ventricular (LV) EF 56% ± 8 versus 60% ± 9 (p <0.006). Furthermore, patients with permanent RV infarction had a higher incidence of microvascular obstruction 39 (67%) versus 81 (39%) (p <0.001), larger final LV infarct size 16% ±8 versus 10% ± 8 (p <0.001) and larger LV area at risk 33% ± 10 versus 29% ± 9 (p <0.001). Permanent RV infarction was an independent predictor of final LV infarct size (p <0.001) but was not associated with LVEF (β = -0.0; p = 0.13) in multivariable analyses. In conclusion, permanent RV infarction was seen in 20% of patients with inferior STEMI and culprit lesion in RCA and independently predicted final LV infarct size. However, permanent RV infarction did not predict overall LV function. LGE was used to detect infarct location and quantify infarct size.17 LGE in RV free wall on follow-up CMR was considered as permanent infarction. LGE images were obtained 10 minutes after intravenous injection of 0.1-mmol/kg body weight of gadolinium-based contrast (Gadovist; Bayer Schering, Berlin, Germany) using an electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggered inversion-recovery sequence. The inversion time was adjusted to null the signal from the normal myocardium. Short-axis images were acquired from the atrioventricular plane to the apex with adjacent 8-mm slices. The remaining protocol has been described previously.16.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe American journal of cardiology
Vol/bind186
Sider (fra-til)43-49
Antal sider7
ISSN0002-9149
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2023

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