The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on birthweight among singleton term birth in Denmark

Victoria E de Knegt, Paula L Hedley, Gitte Hedermann, Casper Wilstrup, Marie Bækvad-Hansen, Ida N Thagaard, Henrik Hjalgrim, Jørgen Kanters, Mads Melbye, David M Hougaard, Anders Hviid, Lone Krebs, Morten Breindahl, Ulrik Lausten-Thomsen*, Michael Christiansen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde


In Denmark, a nationwide COVID-19 lockdown was implemented on March 12, 2020 and eased on April 14, 2020. The COVID-19 lockdown featured reduced prevalence of extremely preterm or extremely low birthweight births. This study aims to explore the impact of this COVID-19 lockdown on term birthweights in Denmark. We conducted a nationwide register-based cohort study on 27,870 live singleton infants, born at term (weeks 37-41), between March 12 and April 14, 2015-2020, using data from the Danish Neonatal Screening Biobank. Primary outcomes, corrected for confounders, were birthweight, small-for-gestational-age (SGA), and large-for-gestational-age (LGA), comparing the COVID-19 lockdown to the previous five years. Data were analysed using linear regression to assess associations with birthweight. Multinomial logistic regression was used to assess associations with relative-size-for-gestational-age (xGA) categories. Adjusted mean birthweight was significantly increased by 16.9 g (95% CI = 4.1-31.3) during the lockdown period. A dip in mean birthweight was found in gestational weeks 37 and 38 balanced by an increase in weeks 40 and 41. The 2020 lockdown period was associated with an increased LGA prevalence (aOR 1.13, 95% CI = 1.05-1.21). No significant changes in proportions of xGA groups were found between 2015 and 2019. The nationwide COVID-19 lockdown resulted in a small but significant increase in birthweight and proportion of LGA infants, driven by an increase in birthweight in gestational weeks 40 and 41.

TidsskriftPLoS One
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)e0283909
StatusUdgivet - 2023


Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on birthweight among singleton term birth in Denmark'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.