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The impact of anorexia nervosa and BMI polygenic risk on childhood growth: A 20-year longitudinal population-based study

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Abdulkadir, Mohamed ; Hübel, Christopher ; Herle, Moritz ; Loos, Ruth J.F. ; Breen, Gerome ; Bulik, Cynthia M. ; Micali, Nadia. / The impact of anorexia nervosa and BMI polygenic risk on childhood growth : A 20-year longitudinal population-based study. I: American Journal of Human Genetics. 2022 ; Bind 109, Nr. 7. s. 1242-1254.

Bibtex

@article{3aa2428bb597441590324ea1508783fd,
title = "The impact of anorexia nervosa and BMI polygenic risk on childhood growth: A 20-year longitudinal population-based study",
abstract = "Growth deviating from the norm during childhood has been associated with anorexia nervosa (AN) and obesity later in life. In this study, we examined whether polygenic scores (PGSs) for AN and BMI are associated with growth trajectories spanning the first two decades of life. AN PGSs and BMI PGSs were calculated for participants of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; n = 8,654). Using generalized (mixed) linear models, we associated PGSs with trajectories of weight, height, body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), lean mass index (LMI), and bone mineral density (BMD). Female participants with AN PGSs one standard deviation (SD) higher had, on average, 0.004% slower growth in BMI between the ages 6.5 and 24 years and a 0.4% slower gain in BMD between the ages 10 and 24 years. Higher BMI PGSs were associated with faster growth for BMI, FMI, LMI, BMD, and weight trajectories in both sexes throughout childhood. Female participants with both a high AN PGS and a low BMI PGS showed slower growth compared to those with both a low AN PGS and a low BMI PGS. We conclude that AN PGSs and BMI PGSs have detectable sex-specific effects on growth trajectories. Female participants with a high AN PGS and low BMI PGS likely constitute a high-risk group for AN, as their growth was slower compared to their peers with high PGSs on both traits. Further research is needed to better understand how the AN PGS and the BMI PGS co-influence growth during childhood and whether a high BMI PGS can mitigate the effects of a high AN PGS.",
keywords = "Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), body mass index, bone mineral density, eating disorder, fat mass index, fat-free mass index, growth trajectories, lean mass index",
author = "Mohamed Abdulkadir and Christopher H{\"u}bel and Moritz Herle and Loos, {Ruth J.F.} and Gerome Breen and Bulik, {Cynthia M.} and Nadia Micali",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 The Authors",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.05.005",
language = "English",
volume = "109",
pages = "1242--1254",
journal = "American Journal of Human Genetics",
issn = "0002-9297",
publisher = "Cell Press",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of anorexia nervosa and BMI polygenic risk on childhood growth

T2 - A 20-year longitudinal population-based study

AU - Abdulkadir, Mohamed

AU - Hübel, Christopher

AU - Herle, Moritz

AU - Loos, Ruth J.F.

AU - Breen, Gerome

AU - Bulik, Cynthia M.

AU - Micali, Nadia

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors

PY - 2022/7/7

Y1 - 2022/7/7

N2 - Growth deviating from the norm during childhood has been associated with anorexia nervosa (AN) and obesity later in life. In this study, we examined whether polygenic scores (PGSs) for AN and BMI are associated with growth trajectories spanning the first two decades of life. AN PGSs and BMI PGSs were calculated for participants of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; n = 8,654). Using generalized (mixed) linear models, we associated PGSs with trajectories of weight, height, body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), lean mass index (LMI), and bone mineral density (BMD). Female participants with AN PGSs one standard deviation (SD) higher had, on average, 0.004% slower growth in BMI between the ages 6.5 and 24 years and a 0.4% slower gain in BMD between the ages 10 and 24 years. Higher BMI PGSs were associated with faster growth for BMI, FMI, LMI, BMD, and weight trajectories in both sexes throughout childhood. Female participants with both a high AN PGS and a low BMI PGS showed slower growth compared to those with both a low AN PGS and a low BMI PGS. We conclude that AN PGSs and BMI PGSs have detectable sex-specific effects on growth trajectories. Female participants with a high AN PGS and low BMI PGS likely constitute a high-risk group for AN, as their growth was slower compared to their peers with high PGSs on both traits. Further research is needed to better understand how the AN PGS and the BMI PGS co-influence growth during childhood and whether a high BMI PGS can mitigate the effects of a high AN PGS.

AB - Growth deviating from the norm during childhood has been associated with anorexia nervosa (AN) and obesity later in life. In this study, we examined whether polygenic scores (PGSs) for AN and BMI are associated with growth trajectories spanning the first two decades of life. AN PGSs and BMI PGSs were calculated for participants of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC; n = 8,654). Using generalized (mixed) linear models, we associated PGSs with trajectories of weight, height, body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), lean mass index (LMI), and bone mineral density (BMD). Female participants with AN PGSs one standard deviation (SD) higher had, on average, 0.004% slower growth in BMI between the ages 6.5 and 24 years and a 0.4% slower gain in BMD between the ages 10 and 24 years. Higher BMI PGSs were associated with faster growth for BMI, FMI, LMI, BMD, and weight trajectories in both sexes throughout childhood. Female participants with both a high AN PGS and a low BMI PGS showed slower growth compared to those with both a low AN PGS and a low BMI PGS. We conclude that AN PGSs and BMI PGSs have detectable sex-specific effects on growth trajectories. Female participants with a high AN PGS and low BMI PGS likely constitute a high-risk group for AN, as their growth was slower compared to their peers with high PGSs on both traits. Further research is needed to better understand how the AN PGS and the BMI PGS co-influence growth during childhood and whether a high BMI PGS can mitigate the effects of a high AN PGS.

KW - Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)

KW - body mass index

KW - bone mineral density

KW - eating disorder

KW - fat mass index

KW - fat-free mass index

KW - growth trajectories

KW - lean mass index

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85133283956&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.05.005

DO - 10.1016/j.ajhg.2022.05.005

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35705101

AN - SCOPUS:85133283956

VL - 109

SP - 1242

EP - 1254

JO - American Journal of Human Genetics

JF - American Journal of Human Genetics

SN - 0002-9297

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 79467944