The Effects of Listening to Music on Anxiety, Pain, and Satisfaction during Urodynamic Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Mehmet Akif Diri, Funda Çetinkaya, Murat Gül

Abstrakt

INTRODUCTION: To assess the influence of music therapy on perceived anxiety and pain during outpatient urodynamic study (UDS) in a prospective, randomized fashion.

METHODS: Between January and December 2018, a total of 70 patients were randomized to either have music therapy (study) or not have (control) in a 1:1 ratio. To the study group, Sufi music was delivered at low tempo. All participants performed the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory evaluation after the procedure and assessed their degree of pain, satisfaction, and willingness to undergo an additional or repeat procedure using the Visual Analog Scale.

RESULTS: Patient demographic and baseline characteristics were found to be similar between the 2 groups. Though music did not significantly alleviate pain (4.6 ± 1.2 vs. 4.4 ± 1.7; p = 0.76) and anxiety (47.7 ± 7.75 vs. 46.4 ± 6.5; p = 0.36), it had a positive impact on the patient's willingness to repeat UDS (3.4 ± 1.4 vs. 6.1 ± 1.3; p = 0.005) and provided overall satisfaction (4.6 ± 0.61 vs. 7.2 ± 1.33; p = 0.004).

CONCLUSIONS: Music is a practical, harmless, and inexpensive non-pharmacological option that can be adopted during medical and surgical procedures, although according to this present study, listening to music during UDS had no effect on pain and anxiety levels.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftUrologia Internationalis
Vol/bind103
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)444-449
Antal sider6
ISSN0042-1138
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2019

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