The Effect of Targeted Temperature Management on the Metabolome Following Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Rasmus Paulin Beske*, Laust Emil Roelsgaard Obling, John Bro-Jeppesen, Niklas Nielsen, Martin Abild Steengaard Meyer, Jesper Kjaergaard, Pär Ingemar Johansson, Christian Hassager

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde


Targeted temperature management (TTM) may moderate the injury from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Slowing the metabolism has been a suggested effect. Nevertheless, studies have found higher lactate levels in patients cooled to 33°C compared with 36°C even days from TTM cessation. Larger studies have not been performed on the TTM's effect on the metabolome. Accordingly, to explore the effect of TTM, we used ultra-performance liquid-mass spectrometry in a substudy of 146 patients randomized in the TTM trial to either 33°C or 36°C for 24 hours and quantified 60 circulating metabolites at the time of hospital arrival (T0) and 48 hours later (T48). From T0 to T48, profound changes to the metabolome were observed: tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle metabolites, amino acids, uric acid, and carnitine species all decreased. TTM significantly modified these changes in nine metabolites (Benjamini-Hochberg corrected false discovery rate <0.05): branched amino acids valine and leucine levels dropped more in the 33°C arm (change [95% confidence interval]: -60.9 μM [-70.8 to -50.9] vs. -36.0 μM [-45.8 to -26.3] and -35.5 μM [-43.1 to -27.8] vs. -21.2 μM [-28.7 to -13.6], respectively), whereas the TCA metabolites including malic acid and 2-oxoglutaric acid remained higher for the first 48 hours (-7.7 μM [-9.7 to -5.7] vs. -10.4 μM [-12.4 to -8.4] and -3 μM [-4.3 to -1.7] vs. -3.7 μM [-5 to -2.3]). Prostaglandin E2 only dropped in the TTM 36°C group. The results show that TTM affects the metabolism hours after normothermia have been reached. Clinical Trial Number: NCT01020916.

TidsskriftTherapeutic hypothermia and temperature management
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)208-215
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2023


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