The effect of strength training, recreational soccer and running exercise on stretch-shortening cycle muscle performance during countermovement jumping

Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Morten Bredsgaard Randers, Michael Kjær, Lars Andersen, Peter Krustrup, Per Aagaard

76 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of contrasting training modalities on mechanical muscle performance and neuromuscular activity during maximal SSC (stretch-shortening cycle) countermovement jumps (CMJ). Bilateral countermovement jumping, surface electromyography (EMG) and muscle fiber size (CSA) were studied in untrained individuals (n=49, 21-45yrs) pre and post 12weeks of progressive heavy-resistance strength training (ST, n=8), recreational soccer training (SOC, n=15), high-intensity interval running (INT, n=7), continuous running (RUN, n=9) or continuation of an inactive life-style (CON, n=10). ST displayed shortened CMJ take-off time (p.70) were observed following ST between training-induced changes in CMJ SSC muscle performance, neuromuscular activity and muscle fiber CSA, respectively. ST induced a more rapid CMJ take-off phase and elevated muscle power production, indicating a more explosive-type SSC muscle performance. No effects were detected in CMJ performance after continuous running, high-intensity interval running and recreational soccer, despite an increased muscle fiber CSA and quadriceps muscle activity in SOC. Enhanced neuromuscular activity in the hip extensors (hamstrings) and plantar flexors, and increased myofiber fiber size were responsible for the enhanced CMJ SSC muscle performance with ST.
OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftHuman Movement Science
Vol/bind31
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)970-86
Antal sider17
ISSN0167-9457
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2012

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