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The effect of smoking on the urinary excretion of 8-oxodG and 8-oxoGuo in patients with type 2 diabetes

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Vis graf over relationer

Over the past decades, attention has been paid to understanding the impact of oxidative stress and related modifications of DNA and RNA on various human health risks. A recent meta-analysis comprising 1915 smokers and 3462 non-smokers found a significantly higher level of DNA oxidation measured as urinary 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) excretion in smokers compared with non-smokers in a healthy population. We aimed to investigate if an increased urinary excretion of 8-oxodG in smokers versus never smokers and former smokers could be verified in a population with type 2 diabetes. Additionally, we measured RNA oxidation levels through urinary excretion of 8-oxo-7, 8-dihydroguanosine (8-oxoGuo). Our study included urinary samples from 2721 type 2 diabetic patients, analyzed using ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between daily smokers (n = 462) versus former (n = 1341) and never smokers (n = 918) regarding the RNA and DNA oxidation, respectively. We did not find any significant effect of smoking on urinary excretion of 8-oxodG or 8-oxoGuo in our study. Due to a sparse study area, it is still too early to draw any conclusions on smoking and RNA-oxidation. Regarding DNA oxidation, our study suggests that the effect of smoking seen in healthy populations might be attenuated in patients with type 2 diabetes.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
Vol/bind77
Udgave nummer14
Sider (fra-til)253-258
Antal sider6
ISSN0036-5513
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2017

ID: 50109084