AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Based on class-I studies, sodium oxybate is regarded as a first-line treatment for both EDS and cataplexy. The cost-effectiveness of sodium oxybate is largely unknown, though. In this study, we estimate the cost-effectiveness of sodium oxybate as treatment for patients with narcolepsy as compared to standard treatment, by calculating incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (cost per quality-adjusted life year, QALY) for patients in a Swedish setting.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Calculations were performed using a Markov model with a 10-year time horizon. The study population consisted of adult patients treated for narcolepsy with cataplexy. Healthcare utilization and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) for each treatment alternative were calculated assuming no treatment effect on survival. Sensitivity analyses were performed for treatment effectiveness and healthcare cost parameters.
RESULTS: The cost per additional quality-adjusted life year was estimated at SEK 563,481. The cost-effectiveness measure was demonstrated to be particularly sensitive to the duration of the relative quality-of-life improvements accruing to patients treated with sodium oxybate.
CONCLUSIONS: The estimated cost per additional QALY for the sodium oxybate treatment alternative compared with standard treatment was estimated above the informal Swedish willingness-to-pay threshold (SEK 500,000). The estimated cost per additional QALY obtained here is likely to overestimate the true cost-effectiveness ratio as potentially beneficial effects on productivity of treatment with sodium oxybate were not included (due to lack of data).
|Tidsskrift||Acta Neurologica Scandinavica|
|Status||Udgivet - 2017|