The Complement Control-Related Genes CSMD1 and CSMD2 Associate to Schizophrenia

Bjarte Håvik, Stephanie Le Hellard, Marcella Rietschel, Helle Lybæk, Srdjan Djurovic, Manuel Mattheisen, Thomas W Mühleisen, Franziska Degenhardt, Lutz Priebe, Wolfgang Maier, Rene Breuer, Thomas G Schulze, Ingrid Agartz, Ingrid Melle, Thomas Hansen, Clive R Bramham, Markus M Nöthen, Beth Stevens, Thomas Werge, Ole A AndreassenSven Cichon, Vidar M Steen

130 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia often suffer from cognitive dysfunction, including impaired learning and memory. We recently demonstrated that long-term potentiation in rat hippocampus, a mechanistic model of learning and memory, is linked to gene expression changes in immunity-related processes involved in complement activity and antigen presentation. We therefore aimed to examine whether key regulators of these processes are genetic susceptibility factors in schizophrenia. METHODS: Analysis of genetic association was based on data mining of genotypes from a German genome-wide association study and a multiplex GoldenGate tag single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-based assay of Norwegian and Danish case-control samples (Scandinavian Collaboration on Psychiatric Etiology), including 1133 patients with schizophrenia and 2444 healthy control subjects. RESULTS: Allelic associations were found across all three samples for eight common SNPs in the complement control-related gene CSMD2 (CUB and Sushi Multiple Domains 2) on chromosome 1p35.1-34.3, of which rs911213 reached a statistical significance comparable to that of a genome wide threshold (p value = 4.0 × 10(-8); odd ratio = .73, 95% confidence interval = .65-.82). The second most significant gene was CSMD1 on chromosome 8p23.2, a homologue to CSMD2. In addition, we observed replicated associations in the complement surface receptor CD46 as well as the major histocompatibility complex genes HLA-DMB and HLA-DOA. CONCLUSIONS: These data demonstrate a significant role of complement control-related genes in the etiology of schizophrenia and support disease mechanisms that involve the activity of immunity-related pathways in the brain.
TidsskriftBiological Psychiatry
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)35-42
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 2011


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