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The autism diagnostic observation schedule: Patterns in individuals with anorexia nervosa

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DOI

  1. Diagnosed Anxiety Disorders and the Risk of Subsequent Anorexia Nervosa: A Danish Population Register Study

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  2. Cognitive Profile of Children and Adolescents with Anorexia Nervosa

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  1. Effectiveness of cognitive remediation in the ultra-high risk state for psychosis

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftLetterForskningpeer review

  2. Birth with Synthetic Oxytocin and Risk of Childhood Emotional Disorders: A Danish Population-based Study

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

  3. Dr. Uhre et al. Reply

    Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftLetterForskningpeer review

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OBJECTIVE: Studies have used the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (the ADOS-2) in individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), but the patterns of scores have not been assessed. We examined which subset of the ADOS-2 items best discriminate individuals with AN from healthy controls (HC), and assessed the potential clustering of AN participants based on different profiles of the ADOS-2 item scores.

METHOD: We combined datasets from two previous studies, and (a) compared mean ranks between young AN participants (N = 118) and HC (N = 42), (ii) replicated the item selection procedure of the existing ADOS-2 algorithm to assess sensitivity of items in the AN group, and (c) applied a two-step clustering analysis in the AN group (N = 149).

RESULTS: AN participants displayed significantly higher mean ranks than HC participants in five of 32 items. All five items are part of the existing ADOS-2 algorithm. We found two clusters of AN participants; one representing normal social behaviour, comprising 68% of the individuals with AN, and one representing less efficient social behaviour, comprising 32% of individuals with AN.

CONCLUSIONS: The items comprising the social affective cluster of the existing ADOS-2 algorithm are well suited to assess difficulties with social functioning in individuals with AN.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders Association
ISSN1072-4133
DOI
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2020

Bibliografisk note

© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and Eating Disorders Association.

ID: 60590124