The athlete's heart: allometric considerations on published papers and relation to cardiovascular variables

Casper Sejersen*, Stefanos Volianitis, Niels H Secher

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde

Abstract

To evaluate the morphology of the "athlete's heart", left ventricular (LV) wall thickness (WT) and end-diastolic internal diameter (LVIDd) at rest were addressed in publications on skiers, rowers, swimmers, cyclists, runners, weightlifters (n = 927), and untrained controls (n = 173) and related to the acute and maximal cardiovascular response to their respective disciplines. Dimensions of the heart at rest and functional variables established during the various sport disciplines were scaled to body weight for comparison among athletes independent of body mass. The two measures of LV were related (r = 0.8; P = 0.04) across athletic disciplines. With allometric scaling to body weight, LVIDd was similar between weightlifters and controls but 7%-15% larger in the other athletic groups, while WT was 9%-24% enlarged in all athletes. The LVIDd was related to stroke volume, oxygen pulse, maximal oxygen uptake, cardiac output, and blood volume (r =  ~ 0.9, P < 0.05), while there was no relationship between WT and these variables (P > 0.05). In conclusion, while cardiac enlargement is, in part, essential for the generation of the cardiac output and thus stroke volume needed for competitive endurance exercise, an enlarged WT seems important for the development of the wall tension required for establishing normal arterial pressure in the enlarged LVIDd.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
ISSN1439-6319
DOI
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 11 mar. 2024

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'The athlete's heart: allometric considerations on published papers and relation to cardiovascular variables'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater