The association of vitamin K status with lung function and disease in a general population

Torkil Jespersen*, Freja Bach Kampmann, Thomas Meinertz Dantoft, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Line Lund Kårhus, Flemming Madsen, Allan Linneberg, Sanne Marie Thysen

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
1 Citationer (Scopus)


INTRODUCTION: Matrix Gla protein (MGP) is an inhibitor of lung tissue calcification. The plasma level of dephosphorylated-uncarboxylated MGP (dp-ucMGP) is a biomarker of vitamin K status. The present study assessed whether lower vitamin K status (reflected by higher dp-ucMGP) was associated with lung function and lung disease/symptoms.

METHODS: A general population sample of 4092 individuals, aged 24 to 77 years, underwent a health examination including questionnaires, spirometry and measurements of plasma dp-ucMGP. Associations of dp-ucMGP with lung function and self-reported disease/symptoms were estimated using regression models adjusted for age, sex and height. Associations were expressed as β-estimates or odds ratios (ORs) per doubling in dp-ucMGP.

RESULTS: Lower vitamin K status (higher dp-ucMGP) was associated with lower forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) (98 mL; 95% CI: 54-141 mL) and lower forced vital capacity (FVC) (136 mL; 95% CI: 85-187 mL). Dp-ucMGP was not associated with the FEV1/FVC ratio (0.0 percentage points higher than the expected value; 95% CI: -1.0-1.0). Furthermore, lower vitamin K status was associated with COPD (OR 2.24, 95% CI: 1.53-3.27), wheezing (OR 1.81, 95% CI: 1.44-2.28) and asthma (OR 1.44, 95% CI: 1.12-1.83).

CONCLUSION: Lower vitamin K status was associated with lower ventilatory capacity (lower FEV1 and FVC), and with higher risk of self-reported asthma, COPD and wheezing. Vitamin K status was not associated with airflow obstruction (FEV1/FVC ratio).

TidsskriftERJ Open Research
Udgave nummer5
StatusUdgivet - sep. 2023


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