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The antiresorptive effect of GIP, but not GLP-2, is preserved in patients with hypoparathyroidism- a randomized crossover study

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Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) are gut hormones secreted postprandially. In healthy humans, both hormones decrease bone resorption accompanied by a rapid reduction in parathyroid hormone (PTH). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the changes in bone turnover after meal intake and after GIP- and GLP-2 injections, respectively, are mediated via a reduction in PTH secretion. This was tested in female patients with hypoparathyroidism given a standardized liquid mixed-meal test (n = 7) followed by a peptide injection test (n = 4) using a randomized crossover design. We observed that the meal- and GIP- but not the GLP-2-induced changes in bone turnover markers were preserved in the patients with hypoparathyroidism. To understand the underlying mechanisms, we examined the expression of the GIP receptor (GIPR) and the GLP-2 receptor (GLP-2R) in human osteoblasts and osteoclasts as well as in parathyroid tissue. The GIPR was expressed in both human osteoclasts and osteoblasts, whereas the GLP-2R was absent or only weakly expressed in osteoclasts. Furthermore, both GIPR and GLP-2R were expressed in parathyroid tissue. Our findings suggest that the GIP-induced effect on bone turnover may be mediated directly via GIPR expressed in osteoblasts and osteoclasts and that this may occur independent of PTH. In contrast, the effect of GLP-2 on bone turnover seems to depend on changes in PTH and may be mediated through GLP-2R in the parathyroid gland. © 2021 The Authors. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR).

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Vol/bind36
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)1448-1458
Antal sider11
ISSN0884-0431
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2021

ID: 65015827