Terminology and definitions on groin pain in athletes: building agreement using a short Delphi method

Adam Weir, Per Hölmich, Anthony G Schache, Eamonn Delahunt, Robert-Jan de Vos

24 Citationer (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Groin pain in athletes occurs frequently and can be difficult to treat, which may partly be due to the lack of agreement on diagnostic terminology.

OBJECTIVE: To perform a short Delphi survey on terminology agreement for groin pain in athletes by a group of experts.

METHODS: A selected number of experts were invited to participate in a Delphi questionnaire. The study coordinator sent a questionnaire, which consisted of demographic questions and two 'real-life' case reports of athletes with groin pain. The experts were asked to complete the questionnaire and to provide the most likely diagnosis for each case. Questionnaire responses were analysed by an independent researcher. The Cohen's κ statistic was used to evaluate the level of agreement between the diagnostic terms provided by the experts.

RESULTS: Twenty-three experts participated (96% of those invited). For case 1, experts provided 9 different terms to describe the most likely diagnosis; for case 2, 11 different terms were provided to describe the most likely diagnosis. With respect to the terms provided for the most likely diagnosis, the Cohen's κ was 0.06 and 0.002 for case 1 and 2, respectively. This heterogeneous taxonomy reflects only a slight agreement between the various diagnostic terms provided by the selected experts.

CONCLUSIONS: This short Delphi survey of two 'typical, straightforward' cases demonstrated major inconsistencies in the diagnostic terminology used by experts for groin pain in athletes. These results underscore the need for consensus on definitions and terminology on groin pain in athletes.

TidsskriftBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)825-7
Antal sider3
StatusUdgivet - jun. 2015


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