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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
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Temporal trends in the use of antithrombotics at admission

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Background and purpose - Currently, no clear evidence exists on the pattern of use of antithrombotics at admission in hip fracture patients and how this has changed over time. We investigated temporal trends in-and factors associated with-the use of antithrombotics in patients admitted with a fractured hip. Patients and methods - This was a population-based cohort study including all patients aged 18 years or above who were admitted with a hip fracture in Denmark from 1996 to 2012. The Danish national registries were used to collect information on medication use, vital status, and comorbidity. Results - From 1996 to 2012, the proportion of patients using antithrombotics in general increased by a factor of 2.3 from 19% to 43% (p < 0.001). More specifically, the use of anticoagulants increased by a factor of 6.8 and the use of antiplatelets increased by a factor of 2.1. When we adjusted for possible confounders, the use of antithrombotics still increased for every calendar year (relative risk (RR) = 1.03, CI: 1.03-1.04; p < 0.001). Age, sex, and Charlson comorbidity index were all associated with the use of antithrombotics (all p < 0.001). Interpretation - The proportion of hip fracture patients using antithrombotics at admission has increased substantially in Denmark over the last 2 decades. This highlights the need for evidence-based guidelines on how to handle patients using antithrombotics to ensure safe surgery and to avoid surgical delay.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftActa Orthopaedica (Online)
Vol/bind87
Udgave nummer4
Sider (fra-til)368-73
Antal sider6
ISSN1745-3682
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2016

ID: 49846241