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E-pub ahead of print

Temporal and spatial changes in synaptic vesicle glycoprotein 2A (SV2A) under kainic acid induced epileptogenesis: An autoradiographic study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Synaptic Vesicle Glycoprotein 2A (SV2A) has been proposed as a presynaptic marker in several neurological disorders. Not only is SV2A the target for the antiepileptic drug levetiracetam, but also considered a marker of mature pre-synapses. In this study, we aimed to assess the binding of [3H]UCB-J as a selective radioligand for SV2A to visualize and determine changes during different stages of epileptogenesis by in-vitro autoradiography in rat models of temporal lobe epilepsy. Two different kainic acid (KA) injection routes were used to model temporal lobe epilepsy in the rat; a systemic (10 mg/kg KA injected intraperitoneally) and a local model (1.875 mM KA injected intrahippocampally). Brain tissue was sampled at different time points after the initial status epilepticus and semi-quantitative [3H]UCB-J autoradiography was performed to determine temporal and spatial changes under the progression of epileptogenesis. A decrease in [3H]UCB-J binding was observed in many brain areas in the acute phases after both types of kainic acid administration. Peak reductions occurred slightly before in systemic-treated animals (within 3-10 days) than after local-treated animals (within 5-15 days). Interestingly in the systemic model, we observed a full restoration in the binding level 30 days after the treatment in most areas probably reflecting neuronal reorganization. However, after the local injection in the hippocampus, the binding in the hippocampus, and in temporal and piriform cortices did not return to basal levels. The time-course profile displayed lateralization in the local model. These results demonstrate changes in the amount of a presynaptic SV2A binding site after seizures and suggest that SV2A may have importance in eliciting spontaneous seizures and/or be a biomarker for epileptogenesis. The present study shows that SV2A is a biomarker of acute phase epileptogenesis in specific brain regions.

TidsskriftEpilepsy Research
Sider (fra-til)106926
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 21 apr. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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