Targeted plasma metabolomics in resuscitated comatose out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients

Rasmus Paulin Beske*, Hanne H Henriksen, Laust Obling, Jesper Kjærgaard, John Bro-Jeppesen, Niklas Nielsen, Pär I Johanson, Christian Hassager

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
4 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of death. Even if successfully resuscitated, mortality remains high due to ischemic and reperfusion injury (I/R). The oxygen deprivation leads to a metabolic derangement amplified upon reperfusion resulting in an uncontrolled generation of reactive oxygen species in the mitochondria triggering cell death mechanisms. The understanding of I/R injury in humans following OHCA remains sparse, with no existing treatment to attenuate the reperfusion injury.

AIM: To describe metabolic derangement in patients following resuscitated OHCA.

METHODS: Plasma from consecutive resuscitated unconscious OHCA patients drawn at hospital admission were analyzed using ultra-performance-liquid-mass-spectrometry. Sixty-one metabolites were prespecified for quantification and studied.

RESULTS: In total, 163 patients were included, of which 143 (88%) were men, and the median age was 62 years (53-68). All measured metabolites from the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle were significantly higher in non-survivors vs. survivors (180-days survival). Hierarchical clustering identified four clusters (A-D) of patients with distinct metabolic profiles. Cluster A and B had higher levels of TCA metabolites, amino acids and acylcarnitine species compared to C and D. The mortality was significantly higher in cluster A and B (A:62% and B:59% vs. C:21 % and D:24%, p<0.001). Cluster A and B had longer time to return of spontaneous circulation (A:33 min (21-43), B:27 min (24-35), C:18 min (13-28), and D:18 min (12-25), p<0.001).

CONCLUSION: Circulating levels of metabolites from the TCA cycle best described the variance between survivors and non-survivors. Four different metabolic phenotypes with significantly different mortality were identified.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftResuscitation
Vol/bind179
Sider (fra-til)163-171
Antal sider9
ISSN0300-9572
DOI
StatusUdgivet - okt. 2022

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