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Udgivet

Suture tension band fixation vs. metallic tension band wiring for patella fractures - A biomechanical study on 19 human cadaveric patellae

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PURPOSE: Traditional tension band fixation of patella fracture is associated with high reoperation rates. The purpose of the study was to assess strength of fixation in patella fractures treated with either a non-metallic all suture-based technique or traditional metallic tension band wiring.

METHODS: Ten paired human cadaveric specimens were included. A transverse fracture was created, reduced and fixated with a non-metallic or metallic approach. Non-metallic fixation was done according to a previously published technique, metallic fixation was done according to AO description. Specimens were fixed in 90° of flexion and underwent 200 cycles of loading by pulling the Quadriceps tendon to 300 Newton. Fracture displacement was optically monitored. Primary outcome was fracture displacement after 200 cycles compared to the first cycle. Subsequently, load-to-failure was assessed by a monotonic pull to 1000 N.

RESULTS: For cyclic loading analysis, one specimen from each group was excluded due to machine synchronization, resulting in a total population of 18 specimens. Median (min-max) fracture displacement was 0.65 mm (0.06-1.3) in the non-metallic group and 0.68 mm (0-1.23), (p=0.931) in the metallic group. No difference in displacement was found between the two groups in the repeated measures analysis of variance (p=0.5524). For load-to-failure analysis one specimen was excluded due to machine synchronization, resulting a total population of 19 specimens. 2/9 specimens failed in the non-metallic group (at 979 and 635 N) and 2/10 failed in the metallic group (745 and 654 N).

CONCLUSION: Non-metallic technique is a biomechanically viable alternative to traditional tension band fixation and it can hopefully lead to fewer implant-related complications.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftInjury
Vol/bind53
Udgave nummer8
Sider (fra-til)2749-2753
Antal sider5
ISSN0020-1383
DOI
StatusUdgivet - aug. 2022

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

ID: 78740930