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SuPAR Predicts Cardiovascular Events and Mortality in Patients With Asymptomatic Aortic Stenosis

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BACKGROUND: Soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is an inflammatory marker associated with subclinical cardiovascular damage and cardiovascular events. Whether suPAR is of prognostic value in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS) remains unknown.

METHODS: Plasma suPAR levels were measured in 1503 patients with a mean age of 68 years who were recruited in the Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis (SEAS) study. Cox regression analysis was performed to evaluate associations between suPAR and the composite end points of ischemic cardiovascular events (ICEs), aortic valve events (AVEs), cardiovascular and all-cause mortality after adjusting for traditional cardiovascular risk factors, and allocation to treatment.

RESULTS: The multivariate adjusted hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) per unit log2 ng/mL increase in suPAR was HR, 1.5; 95% CI, 1.2-1.9; P = 0.002 for ICEs; HR, 1.2; 95% CI, 0.9-1.5; P = 0.071) for AVEs; HR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.2-3.3; P = 0.007) for cardiovascular mortality, and HR, 2.0; 95% CI, 1.4-2.9; P < 0.001 for all-cause mortality.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with mild-moderate AS, suPAR is independently associated with the incidence of ICEs, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftThe Canadian journal of cardiology
Vol/bind32
Udgave nummer12
Sider (fra-til)1462-1469
ISSN0828-282X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - dec. 2016

ID: 48333514