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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Successful paediatric renography does not require sedation

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INTRODUCTION: Sedation is often used to optimise ren-ography in children < 3 years, but it requires continuous monitoring.

METHODS: We discontinued routine use of chloral hydrate sedation of patients undergoing renography, and introduced that children < 2 years were placed in a child immobiliser for nuclear examinations at the Department of Paediatrics before being transported for renography. In addition, children < 3 years were offered melatonin, which is not a sedative. Chloral hydrate was given only if parents wanted sedation. We analysed the results from a consecutive series of patients undergoing renography from August 2010 to December 2015 and compared data from those who had been administered choral hydrate sedation with those who had received no sedation.

RESULTS: Renography was unaccomplished in 10% (3/30) of the choral hydrated sedated children and in 11% (54/512) of the non-sedated children (p = 0.83). Uncooperative children resulted in failed renography in 0% (0/3) and 39% (21/54) of cases, respectively (p = 0.46). Patients placed in a child immobiliser at the Department of Paediatrics had the greatest probability of achieving successful renography (p = 0.0013), the shortest renography procedure duration irrespective of melatonin use (p = 0.0001) and the lowest risk of a procedure duration > 60 minutes (p = 0.0004).

CONCLUSIONS: Renography can be performed without sedation. We recommend that children < 2 years be placed in a child immobiliser at the Department of Paediatrics before being transported for renography. Additional studies are needed to investigate the effects of melatonin.

FUNDING: none.

TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftDanish Medical Journal
Vol/bind66
Udgave nummer5
Antal sider5
ISSN1603-9629
StatusUdgivet - maj 2019

Bibliografisk note

Articles published in the DMJ are “open access”. This means that the articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License, which permits any non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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