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Subacromial space outlet in female patients with multidirectional instability based on hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and hypermobility spectrum disorder measured by ultrasound

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OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to compare the acromiohumeral distance (AHD) between patients diagnosed with hypermobility type of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS) or hypermobility spectrum disorder (HSD) and healthy controls by evaluating the relative amount the tendon occupies in the subacromial area. Furthermore, the aim was to evaluate if there was a change in AHD with arm elevation within and between groups.

METHODS: Twenty-nine female patients with hEDS/HSD (aged 34 ± 12.9 years) and 20 healthy controls (aged 33 ± 10.8 years) participated in the study. The supraspinatus tendon (SST) thickness and AHD were measured using ultrasound. The interplay between the SST and the AHD was expressed as the occupation ratio (OcAHD), calculated as the SST thickness as a percentage of AHD. The measures were performed in the resting position and in subsequently 45° and 60° of active arm elevation in the scapular plane.

RESULTS: The main finding is that patients with hEDS/HSD have a larger subacromial space outlet compared with the controls when measured by ultrasound. Furthermore, in both groups, we found an increased OcAHD during active arm elevation compared with the resting position, which indicates that similar mechanisms occur for patients with hEDS/HSD and healthy controls.

CONCLUSION: Patients with hEDS/HSD have a larger available subacromial space outlet compared with healthy individuals. OcAHD increased during active arm elevation compared with the resting position in both groups. This knowledge is important when designing rehabilitation exercise programs for shoulder instability patients with abnormal glenohumeral biomechanics.

TidsskriftJournal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)600-608
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2020

Bibliografisk note

Copyright © 2019 Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery Board of Trustees. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

ID: 58975469