Structure of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in pediatric OCD

David Mataix-Cols*, Eriko Nakatani, Nadia Micali, Isobel Heyman

*Corresponding author af dette arbejde
119 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Objective: It is unclear whether the structure of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms seen in adults is preserved in pediatric samples. Method: A total of 238 children and adolescents referred to a specialty pediatric OCD clinic were administered the Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale Symptom Checklist, and its 13 major symptom categories were subjected to exploratory principal components analysis. The resulting factors were correlated with relevant clinical variables. Results: Principal components analysis identified four symptom dimensions explaining 55% of the total variance and broadly corresponding to those seen in adult samples. Boys were more likely to have sexual obsessions (34% vs. 18%, p = .01), whereas girls were more likely to endorse hoarding compulsions (53% vs. 36%, p = .009). High scores on the hoarding dimension were associated with increased levels of pervasive slowness, responsibility, indecisiveness, pathological doubt, depression and a variety of emotional difficulties, both self-rated and parent-rated. Conclusions: The structure of OCD symptoms is similar across the lifespan. Hoarding symptoms are prevalent in pediatric OCD, especially among girls, and are associated with greater levels of disability.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Vol/bind47
Udgave nummer7
Sider (fra-til)773-778
Antal sider6
ISSN0890-8567
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2008
Udgivet eksterntJa

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