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Stress management versus cognitive restructuring in trauma - affected refugees-A pragmatic randomised study

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@article{c5ae4a59d87b45d1a882287bc04bb7ed,
title = "Stress management versus cognitive restructuring in trauma - affected refugees-A pragmatic randomised study",
abstract = "The aim of this randomised trial was to compare the effectiveness of stress management (SM) versus cognitive restructuring (CR) in trauma-affected refugees. The intention-to-treat sample comprised 126 refugees with PTSD (SM = 62, CR = 64). The treatment consisted of 16 sessions of psychotherapy with manualised SM or CR in addition to 10 sessions with a medical doctor (psychoeducation and pharmacological treatment). The primary outcome was PTSD symptom severity (Harvard Trauma Questionnaire). Secondary outcomes were symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Ratings), quality of life (WHO-5), functioning (Global Assessment of Functioning, Sheehan Disability Scale), pain (Visual Analogue Scale) and somatisation (Symptom Checklist). There was no difference in the primary outcome between groups. A significant group difference was found on the Hamilton Anxiety Rating with the SM group improving more than the CR group (effect size 0.46) indicating that methods in SM could potentially be helpful in this population.",
keywords = "Health Sciences, Transcultural Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, Randomized Controlled Trial",
author = "Carlsson, {Jessica Mariana} and Sonne, {Charlotte K{\ae}rgaard} and Erik Vindbjerg and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke}",
year = "2018",
month = aug,
day = "1",
doi = "doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.05.015.",
language = "English",
pages = "116--123",
journal = "Psychiatry Research",
issn = "0165-1781",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stress management versus cognitive restructuring in trauma - affected refugees-A pragmatic randomised study

AU - Carlsson, Jessica Mariana

AU - Sonne, Charlotte Kærgaard

AU - Vindbjerg, Erik

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

PY - 2018/8/1

Y1 - 2018/8/1

N2 - The aim of this randomised trial was to compare the effectiveness of stress management (SM) versus cognitive restructuring (CR) in trauma-affected refugees. The intention-to-treat sample comprised 126 refugees with PTSD (SM = 62, CR = 64). The treatment consisted of 16 sessions of psychotherapy with manualised SM or CR in addition to 10 sessions with a medical doctor (psychoeducation and pharmacological treatment). The primary outcome was PTSD symptom severity (Harvard Trauma Questionnaire). Secondary outcomes were symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Ratings), quality of life (WHO-5), functioning (Global Assessment of Functioning, Sheehan Disability Scale), pain (Visual Analogue Scale) and somatisation (Symptom Checklist). There was no difference in the primary outcome between groups. A significant group difference was found on the Hamilton Anxiety Rating with the SM group improving more than the CR group (effect size 0.46) indicating that methods in SM could potentially be helpful in this population.

AB - The aim of this randomised trial was to compare the effectiveness of stress management (SM) versus cognitive restructuring (CR) in trauma-affected refugees. The intention-to-treat sample comprised 126 refugees with PTSD (SM = 62, CR = 64). The treatment consisted of 16 sessions of psychotherapy with manualised SM or CR in addition to 10 sessions with a medical doctor (psychoeducation and pharmacological treatment). The primary outcome was PTSD symptom severity (Harvard Trauma Questionnaire). Secondary outcomes were symptoms of depression and anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25, Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Ratings), quality of life (WHO-5), functioning (Global Assessment of Functioning, Sheehan Disability Scale), pain (Visual Analogue Scale) and somatisation (Symptom Checklist). There was no difference in the primary outcome between groups. A significant group difference was found on the Hamilton Anxiety Rating with the SM group improving more than the CR group (effect size 0.46) indicating that methods in SM could potentially be helpful in this population.

KW - Health Sciences

KW - Transcultural Psychiatry

KW - Psychotherapy

KW - Randomized Controlled Trial

U2 - doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.05.015.

DO - doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.05.015.

M3 - Journal article

SP - 116

EP - 123

JO - Psychiatry Research

JF - Psychiatry Research

SN - 0165-1781

ER -

ID: 55361485