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Stimulation of aquaporin-5 and transepithelial water permeability in human airway epithelium by hyperosmotic stress

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Osmotic water permeability (P(f )) was measured in spheroid-shaped human nasal airway epithelial explants pre-exposed to increasing levels of hyperosmotic stress. The fluid-filled spheroids, derived from nasal polyps, were lined by a single cell layer with the ciliated apical cell membrane facing the outside. The P(f ) was determined from diameter changes of the spheroids in response to changes in bathing medium osmolarity forth and back between 300 and 225 mOsm x l(-1). Continuous diameter measurements also allowed determination of spontaneous fluid absorption. Hyperosmotic pretreatment (increase from 300 up to 600 mOsm x l(-1)) caused a time- and osmolarity-dependent increase (up to approximately 1.5 times) in epithelial P(f ) which was of similar magnitude in cystic fibrosis (CF) and non-CF spheroids. The effect saturated at approximately 450 mOsm x l(-1) and at approximately 24 h. Expression of aquaporin-5 (AQP5), studied by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, showed an increase in parallel with the increase in P(f ) following hyperosmotic stress. The AQP5 was localized both in cytoplasmic vesicles and in apical cell membranes. Spontaneous fluid absorption rates were equal in CF and non-CF spheroids and were not significantly influenced by hyperosmotic stress. The results suggest that hyperosmotic stress is an important activator of AQP-5 in human airway epithelium, leading to significantly increased transepithelial water permeability.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftPfluegers Archiv
Vol/bind453
Udgave nummer6
Sider (fra-til)777-85
Antal sider9
ISSN0031-6768
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2007

ID: 46495715