Stillbirth in diabetic pregnancies

    67 Citationer (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Pregnancy in women with pregestational diabetes is associated with high perinatal morbidity and mortality. Stillbirth accounts for the majority of cases with perinatal death. Intrauterine growth restriction, pre-eclampsia, foetal hypoxia and congenital malformations may be contributing factors, but more than 50% of stillbirths are unexplained. Majority of stillbirths are characterised by suboptimal glycaemic control during pregnancy. Foetal hypoxia and cardiac dysfunction secondary to poor glycaemic control are probably the most important pathogenic factors in stillbirths among pregnant diabetic women. There is thus a need for new strategies for improving glycaemic control to near-normal levels throughout pregnancy and for preventing and treating hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. Antenatal surveillance tests including ultrasound examinations of the foetal growth rate, kick counting and non-stress testing of foetal cardiac function are widely used. However, future research should establish better antenatal surveillance tests to identify the infants susceptible to stillbirth before it happens.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    TidsskriftBest Practice & Research: Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
    Vol/bind25
    Udgave nummer1
    Sider (fra-til)105-11
    Antal sider7
    ISSN1521-6934
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1 feb. 2011

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