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Region Hovedstaden - en del af Københavns Universitetshospital
Udgivet

Socioeconomic outcome of epilepsy surgery: A controlled national study

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningpeer review

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Vis graf over relationer

PURPOSE: Epilepsy surgery has been a standard treatment for refractory epilepsies that cannot be controlled by standard medical treatment. We aimed to evaluate the health and social consequences of resective surgery relative to controls from a study of national data.

METHODS: Using the Danish National Patient Registry we identified all subjects with an epilepsy diagnosis between 1996 and 2009 and compared them with a group of patients with an epilepsy diagnosis who had had neither epilepsy surgery nor a vagus stimulation diagnosis by the index date, and who were matched by gender, index year for epilepsy diagnosis, and index year for epilepsy surgery. We considered all the health and social information available in the Danish health, medication and social registers. The duration of follow-up was three years.

RESULTS: 254 epilepsy patients and 989 controls were analyzed. Surgery patients were more severely affected by their disease as indicated by health care use and social impact before the surgical procedure. Patients who underwent epilepsy surgery had a significantly lower costs associated with the use of medication, outpatient services, inpatient admissions, and accident and emergency visits after surgery. The surgical intervention had no significant effects on social status in terms of occupation and educational level.

CONCLUSION: Although epilepsy surgery was followed by a reduction in inpatient and outpatient health care use, medication and use of accident and emergency facilities, suggesting a positive effect on the epileptic disease, there was no significant effect on social outcome measures.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TidsskriftSeizure
Vol/bind42
Sider (fra-til)52-56
Antal sider5
ISSN1059-1311
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2016

ID: 49648599